Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 30184


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10009773
Effect of Core Puncture Diameter on Bio-Char Kiln Efficiency
Abstract:
Biochar has been used as a soil amendment since it has high porous structure and has proper nutrients and chemical properties for plants. Product yields produced from biochar kiln are dependent on process parameters and kiln types used. The objective of this research is to investigate the effect of core puncture diameter on biochar kiln efficiency, i.e., yields of biochar and produced gas. Corncobs were used as raw material to produce biochar. Briquettes from agricultural wastes were used as fuel. Each treatment was performed by changing the core puncture diameter. From the experiment, it is revealed that the yield of biochar at the core puncture diameter of 3.18 mm, 4.76 mm, and 6.35 mm was 10.62 wt. %, 24.12 wt. %, and 12.24 wt. %, of total solid yields, respectively. The yield of produced gas increased with increasing the core puncture diameter. The maximum percentage by weight of the yield of produced gas was 81.53 wt. % which was found at the core puncture diameter of 6.35 mm. The core puncture diameter was furthermore found to affect the temperature distribution inside the kiln and its thermal efficiency. In conclusion, the high efficient biochar kiln can be designed and constructed by using the proper core puncture diameter.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

References:

[1] D. Chen, X. Yu, C. Song, X. Pang, J. Huang, Y. Li, “Effect of pyrolysis temperature on the chemical oxidation stability of bamboo biochar,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 218, pp. 1303-1306, Oct. 2016.
[2] O. Masek, V. Budarin, M. Gronnow, K. Crombie, P. Brownsort, E. Fitzpatrick, P. Hurst, “Microwave and slow pyrolysis biochar-Comparison of physical and functional properties,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 100, pp. 41-48, Mar. 2013.
[3] A. Shaaban, S.M. Se, M.F. Dimin, J.M. Juoi, M.H.M. Husin, N.M.M. Mitan, “Influence of heating temperture and holding time on biochars derived from rubber wood sawdust via slow pyrolysis,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 107, pp. 31-39, May 2014.
[4] J.H. Yuan, R.K. Xu, H. Zhang, “The forms of alkalis in the biochar produced from crop residues at different temperatures,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 102, pp. 3488-3497, Feb. 2011.
[5] J.N. Cha, S.H. Park, S.C. Jung, C. Ryu, J.K. Jeon, M.C. Shin, Y.K. Park, “Production and utilization of biochar: A review, Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry,” vol. 40, pp. 1-15, Aug. 2016.
[6] D. Angin, “Effect of pyrolysis temperature and heating rate on biochar obtained from pyrolysis of safflower seed press cake,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 128, pp. 593-597, Jan. 2013.
[7] A. Demirbas, “Effects of temperature and particle size on bio-char yield from pyrolysis of agricultural residues,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 72, pp. 243-248, Nov. 2004.
[8] M. Tripathi, J.N. Sahu, P. Ganesan, “Effect of process parameters on production of biochar from biomass waste through pyrolysis: A review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 55, pp. 467-481, Mar. 2016.
[9] S.P. Sohi, E. Krull, E. Lopez-Capel, R. Bol, “A review of biochar and its use and function in soil,” in Advances in Agronomy, D.L. Sparks, Ed. Burlington: Academic Press, 2010, pp. 47-82.
[10] S. Mia, N. Uddin, S. Abdullah, A.M. Hossain, R. Amin, F.Z. Mete, T. Hiemstra, “Production of biochar for soil application: A comparative study of three kiln models,” Pedosphere, vol. 25, pp. 696-702, Oct. 2015.
[11] J. Zhang, J. Liu, R. Liu, “Effects of pyrolysis temperature and heating time on biochar obtained from the pyrolysis of straw and lignosulfonate,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 176, pp. 288-291, Jan. 2015.
[12] H. Zhang, R. Xiao, H. Huang, G. Xiao, “Comparison of non-catalytic and catalytic fast pyrolysis of corncob in a fluidized bed reactor,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, pp. 1428-1434, Feb. 2009.

Vol:13 No:12 2019Vol:13 No:11 2019Vol:13 No:10 2019Vol:13 No:09 2019Vol:13 No:08 2019Vol:13 No:07 2019Vol:13 No:06 2019Vol:13 No:05 2019Vol:13 No:04 2019Vol:13 No:03 2019Vol:13 No:02 2019Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007