‘Daily Speaking’: Designing an App for Construction of Language Learning Model Supporting ‘Seamless Flipped’ Environment
Seamless learning is becoming a research hotspot in recent years, and the emerging of micro-lectures, flipped classroom has strengthened the development of seamless learning. Based on the characteristics of the seamless learning across time and space and the course structure of the flipped classroom, and the theories of language learning, we put forward the language learning model which can support ‘seamless flipped’ environment (abbreviated as ‘S-F’). Meanwhile, the characteristics of the ‘S-F’ learning environment, the corresponding framework construction and the activity design of diversified corpora were introduced. Moreover, a language learning app named ‘Daily Speaking’ was developed to facilitate the practice of the language learning model in ‘S-F’ environment. In virtue of the learning case of Shanghai language, the rationality and feasibility of this framework were examined, expecting to provide a reference for the design of ‘S-F’ learning in different situations.
 Zhi-ting Zhu, Jun Sun. Seamless Learning as a New Normal Learning Form in Digital Age(J). Journal of Open Education, 2015, (1):11-16.
 Chan T W, Roschelle J, Hsi S, et al. One-to-One technology-enhanced learning: An opportunity for global research collaboration (J). Research and Practice in Technology-Enhanced Learning, 2006, (1):3-29.
 Barron B. Interest and self-sustained learning as catalysts of development: A learning ecology perspective(J). Human development, 2006,(4):193-224.
 Looi C K, Wong L H, So H J, et al. Anatomy of a mobilized lesson: Learning my way(J). Computers & Education, 2009, (4):1120-1132.
 Salaberry M R. A theoretical foundation for the development of pedagogical tasks in computer mediated communication(J). Calico Journal, 1996, (1):5-34.
 Laouris Y, Eteokleous N. We need an educationally relevant definition of mobile learning(A). Brown T. In proceedings of the 4th world conference on mobile learning(C). Cape Town: mLearn Organizer, 2005:290-294. (9)(16)(27)Wong L H, Looi C K. What seams do we remove in mobile-assisted seamless learning? —— A critical review of the literature(J). Computers & Education, 2011, (4):2364-2381.
 Song Y. “Bring Your Own Device (BYOD)” for seamless science inquiry in a primary school(J). Computers & Education, 2014,(74):50-60.
 Huang Longxiang, Chen Zhiquan, Zhan Mingfeng, et al. Using mobile technology as an intermediary to establish a seamless language learning framework (J). China Electrification Education, 2011, (12): 1-7.
 Zhang B H, Looi C K. Developing a sustainable education innovation for seamless learning(J). Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2011, (15):2148-2154.
 Toh Y, So H J, Seow P, Chen W L, et al. Seamless learning in the mobile age: A theoretical and methodological discussion on using cooperative inquiry to study digital kids on-the-move(J). Learning, Media and Technology, 2013, (3):301-318.
 So H J. Seamless mobile learning: Possibilities and challenges arising from the Singapore experience(J). Educational Technology International, 2008, (2):97-121.
 Lu Fang, Yin Xuesong, Chang Jixian. The Design of Seamless Learning Environment from the Perspective of Open University(J). Journal of Distance Education, 2016, (2):39-48.
 Wong L H. A learner-centric view of mobile seamless learning(J). British Journal of Educational Technology, 2012, (1):19-23.
 Stone B B. Flip your classroom to increase active learning and student engagement(OL).
 Talbert R. Inverting the linear algebra classroom(J). Primus Problems Resources & Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies, 2014, (5):361-374.
 Zhang Jinlei, Wang Ying, Zhang Baohui. Introducing a New Teaching Model: Flipped Classroom (J). Journal of Distance Education,2012, (4):128-135.
 Hwang G J, Lai C L, Wang S Y. Seamless flipped learning: A mobile technology-enhanced flipped classroom with effective learning strategies(J). Journal of Computers in Education, 2015, (4):449-473.
 Little D. Language learner autonomy: Some fundamental considerations revisited(J). Innovation in Language Learning & Teaching, 2007, (1):14-29.
 Liu Jun, Qiu Qin, Yu Shengquan, et al. Technology, Resources, and Learning Innovations of Seamless Learning Space: Review of the 10th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning(J). Journal of Open Education, 2011, (6):8-19.
 Wang Qi. Theories and techniques of computer-assisted second language learning(J). Electrical Education Research, 2001, (12):22-25.
 Davis F D. Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology(J). Mis Quarterly, 1989, (3):319-340.