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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 31097

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A Study on the Power Control of Wind Energy Conversion System
The present research presents a direct active and reactive power control (DPC) of a wind energy conversion system (WECS) for the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) based on a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) connected to electric power grid. The control strategy of the Rotor Side Converter (RSC) is targeted in extracting a maximum of power under fluctuating wind speed. A fuzzy logic speed controller (FLC) has been used to ensure the MPPT. The Grid Side Converter is directed in a way to ensure sinusoidal current in the grid side and a smooth DC voltage. To reduce fluctuations, rotor torque and voltage use of multilevel inverters is a good way to remove the rotor harmony.
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[1] Brahim Nait-kaci, Mamadou L. Doumbia, “Active and Reactive power control of a doubly fed induction generator for wind applications”, IEEE 2009.
[2] Arantxa Tapia, Gerardo Tapia, J. Xabier Ostolaza, “Modeling and Control of a Wind Turbine Driven doubly fed Induction Generator”, IEEE 2003.
[3] J. Ben Alaya, A Khedher and M. F. Mimouni, "DTC, DPC and Nonlinear Vector Control Strategies Applied to the DFIG operated at Variable Speed", Journal of Electrical Engineering (IEEE), vol.6, no II, pp. 744-753, 2011.
[4] A. Nassani, A. Ghazal, and A L. Elshafei, "Speed sensorless control of DFIG based MRAS observer", 14th International Middle East Conference, pp. 476-481. 2010.
[5] A Luna, F. K. A Lima, P. Rodriguez, E. H. Watanabe and R. Teodorescu, "Comparison of Power Control Strategies for DFIG Wind Turbines", IEEE Trans on Energy Conversion, pp. 2131-2136, 2008.
[6] M. Singh, V. Khadkikar, A. Chandra. Grid synchronization with harmonics and reactive power compensation capability of a permanent magnet synchronous generator-based variable speed wind energy conversion system. IET Power Electronics 2011; 41:122e30.
[7] Z. Chen, Compensation schemes for a SCR converter in variable speed wind power systems. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery 2004; 192:813e21.
[8] S. Engelhardt, I. Erlich, C. Feltes, J. Kretschmann, F. Shewarega. Reactive power capability of wind turbines based on doubly fed induction generators. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 2011; 261:364e72.
[9] Kayikçi. M, J. Milanovic. Reactive power control strategies for DFIG-based plants. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 2007; 222:389e96.
[10] M. Machmoum, A. Hatoum, T. Bouaouiche. Flicker mitigation of a doubly-fed induction generator for wind energy conversion system. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 2010; 812:433e45.
[11] M. Shahbazi, P. Poore, S. Saadate, M.R Zalghadri. Five-leg converter topology for wind energy conversion system with doubly fed induction generator. Renewable Energy 2011; 3611:3187e94.
[12] O. Soares, H. Gonçalves, A. Martins, A. Carvalho. Nonlinear control of the doubly fed induction generator in wind power systems. Renewable Energy 2010; 358:1662e70.
[13] F. Poitiers, T. Bouaouiche, M. Machmoum. Advanced control of a doubly-fed induction generator for wind energy conversion. Electric Power Systems Research 2009; 797:1085e96.
[14] T.K.A. Brekken, N. Mohan. Control of a doubly fed induction wind generator under unbalanced grid voltage conditions. IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion 22 (March (1)) (2007) 129–135.
[15] Z. S., Changliang Xia, T. Shi. Assessing transient response of DFIG based wind turbines during voltage dips regarding main flux saturation and rotor deep-bar effect. Applied Energy 87 (2010) 3283–3293.
[16] A. Gaillard, P. Poure, S. Saadate, M. Machmoum. Variable Speed DFIG Wind Energy System for Power Generation and Harmonic Current Mitigation. Renewable Energy 34, 2009 pp 1545-1553.
[17] B. Robyns, B. Francois, P. Degobert, J. P. Hautier, Vector control of induction machines, Springer-Verlag London 2012.
[18] P.C. Krause Analysis of electric machinery. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1986.
[19] H. M. Jabr and N. C. Kar, “Neuro-fuzzy vector control for doubly-fed wind driven induction generator,” in Proc. of the IEEE Electrical Power Conference, pp. 236 - 241, 2007.
[20] H. M. Jabr and N. C. Kar, “Leakage flux saturation effects on the transient performance of wound-rotor induction motor,” Journal of Electric Power Systems Research, Vol.78, No.7, pp.1280-1289, 2008.
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