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After Schubert’s Winterreise: Contemporary Aesthetic Journeys
Abstract:
Following previous studies about Writing and Seeing, this paper focuses on the aesthetic assumptions within the concept of Winter Journey (Voyage d’Hiver/Winterreise) both in Georges Perec’s Saga and the Oulipo Group vis-à-vis with the creations by William Kentridge and Michael Borremans. The aesthetic and artistic connections are widespread. Nevertheless, we can identify common poetical principles shared by these different authors, not only according to the notion of ekphrasis, but also following the procedures of contemporary creation in literature and visual arts. The analysis of the ongoing process of the French writers as individuals and as group and the visual artists’ acting might contribute for another crossed definition of contemporary conception. The same title/theme was a challenge and a goal for them. Let’s wonder how deep the concept encouraged them and which symbolic upbringings were directing their poetical achievements. The idea of an inner journey became the main point, and got “over” and “across” a shared path worth to be followed. The authors were chosen due to the resilient contents of their visual and written images, and looking for the reasons that might had driven their conceptual basis to be. In Pérec’s “Winter Journey” as for the following fictions by Jacques Roubaud, Hervé le Tellier, Jacques Jouet and Hugo Vernier (that emerges from Perec’s fiction and becomes a real author) powerful aesthetic and enigmatic reflections grow connected with a poetic (and aesthetic) understanding of Walkscapes. They might be assumed as ironic fictions and poetical drifts. Outstanding from different logics, the overwhelming impact of Winterreise Lied by Schubert after Wilhelm Müller’s poems is a major reference in present authorship creations. Both Perec and Oulipo’s author’s texts are powerfully ekphrastic, although we should not forget they follow goals, frameworks and identities. When acting as a reader, they induce powerful imageries - cinematic or cinematographic - that flow in our minds. It was well-matched with William Kentridge animated video Winter Journey (2014) and the creations (sharing the same title) of Michael Borremans (2014) for the KlaraFestival, Bozar, Cité de la musique, in Belgium. Both were taken by the foremost Schubert’s Winterreise. Several metaphors fulfil new Winter Journeys (or Travels) that were achieved in contemporary art and literature, as it once succeeded in the 19th century. Maybe the contemporary authors and artists were compelled by the consciousness of nothingness, although outstanding different aesthetics and ontological sources. The unbearable knowledge of the road’s end, and also the urge of fulfilling the void might be a common element to all of them. As Schopenhauer once wrote, after all, Art is the only human subjective power that we can call upon in life. These newer aesthetic meanings, released from these winter journeys are surely open to wider approaches that might happen in other poetic makings to be.
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References:

[1] Die Winterreise": The Secret of the Cycle's Appeal, Mosaic: An Interdisciplinary Critical Journal, Winter 1982, Vol. 15, No. 1, Death and Dying (Winter 1982), p.41
[2] Excerpts of William Kentridge statements in https://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/13/arts/music/matthias-goerne-sings-kentridges-version-of-winterreise.html (accessed 8 August 2020)
[3] Voltaire, Oeuvres complètes de Voltaire. Tome 19,3. nouvelle édition... précédée de la Vie de Voltaire, par Condorcet et d'autres (...). Dictionnaire Philosophique III. In Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France, p.258 In https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k4113355/f632.image.texteImage (accessed 5 August 2020)
[4] Wilhelm Müller, English translations by William Mann, used here with permission. Translations from the booklet of Thomas Hampson’s recording of Winterreise (EMI/Warner Classics, 1997) In https://hampsongfoundation.org/resource/winterreise-texts-and-translations/ (accessed 5 august 2020)
[5] Wilhelm Müller, English translations by William Mann, used here with permission. (EMI/Warner Classics, 1997)
[6] Cecilia C. Baumann and M. J. Luetgert, "Die Winterreise": The Secret of the Cycle's Appeal, Mosaic: An Interdisciplinary Critical Journal, Winter 1982, Vol. 15, No. 1, Death and Dying (Winter 1982), p.41
[7] Georges Pérec, Viagem de Inverno, São Paulo: Cosac & Naify, 2005, n/p.In https://fdocumentos.com/document/a-viagem-de-inverno-georges-perec-conto.html) (acess 5 august 2020)
[8] Georges Pérec, Viagem de Inverno. (My translation)
[9] Georges Pérec & Oulipo Group, Voyage d’Hiver & ses Suites, Paris, Du Seuil, 1993
[10] Luca Zera, “Si par une nuit d'hiver un voyageur” sort du roman: Calvino et l'au-delà narratif, 2017 In https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317904657_Si _par_une_nuit_d'hiver_un_voyageur_sort_du_roman_Ca lvino_et_l'au-dela_narratif (acess 5 august 2020)
[11] Italo Calvino, If on a winter's night a traveler. Translated from the Italian by William Weaver Copyright © 1979 by Giulio Einaudi editore s.p.a., Torino English translation copyright © 1981 by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc. isbn 0-15-143689-4
[12] William Kentridge in James Parsons, “DVD REVIEW. Franz Schubert, Winterreise. Matthias Goerne bar, Markus Hinterhäuser pf William Kentridge visualizations and stage direction C Major 738008, 2017 (1 DVD: 85 minutes (concert) + 53 minutes (bonus)). Nineteenth-Century Music Review, 16 (2019), pp 311 313. https://www.cambridge.org/core/terms. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479409818000253 D (accessed 10 august 2020)
[13] J. Chailley, “Winterreises et l'énigme de Schubert”, Studia Musicologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 11, 1969, p. 109 (This content downloaded from 89.154.192.102 on Mon, 10 Aug 2020 12:34:26 UTC All use subject to https://www.jstor.org/stable/901271?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents
[14] See: Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Schubert's Songs: A Biographical Study, trans. Kenneth S. Whitton (London, 1976; rpt. New York, 1977), pp. 267-68
[15] Cecilia C. Baumann and M. J. Luetgert, "Die Winterreise": The Secret of the Cycle's Appeal, Mosaic: An Interdisciplinary Critical Journal, WINTER 1982, Vol. 15, No. 1, Death and Dying (Winter 1982) p.45
[16] H. Lowen Marshall, “Symbolism in Schubert's Winterreise”, Studies in Romanticism, Summer, 1973, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Summer, 1973), pp. 607-632. http://www.jstor.com/stable/25599890 (acess 8 august 2020)
[17] Robert Walser was a German-speaking Swiss writer, born the 15th April 1878 and dead the 25th December 1956.
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