An Investigation of the Barriers to E-business Implementation in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
 Basu, A. & Muylle, S., 2007. How to Plan E-Business Initiatives in
Established Companies. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(1), pp. 28-
 Vlachos, I. et al., 2009. Adoption By Small and Medium Food Firms:
Evidence From Greece. pp. 1-6.
 Abid, A. A., Rahim, M. M. & Scheepers, H., 2011. Experienced
Benefits and Barriers of E-business Technology Adoption by SME
suppliers. Volume 2011, pp. 1-11.
 Stockdale, R. & Standing, C., 2004. Benefits and barriers of electronic
marketplace participation: an SME perspective. The Journal of
Enterprise Information Management, 17(4), pp. 301-311.
 Velmurugan, M., 2009. Security and Trust in E-business: Problems
AND Prospects. International Journal of Electronic Business
Management, 7(3), pp. 151-158.
 Fillis, I., Johansson, U. & Wagner, B., 2003. E-business development in
the smaller firm. Journal of Small Business Enterprise Development,
10(3), pp. 336-344.
 Lawson, R. A., Cooper, J. C. & L, B., 2003. Factors affecting adoption
of electronic commerce technologies by SMEs: an Australian study.
Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 10(3), pp. 265-
 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2002.
Measuring the Information Economy, Paris, France: OECD Publishing.
 Charlesworth, A., 2007. Is the Definition of E-Commerce the Same as
the Definiton of E-Business. (Online) Available at:
html (Accessed 26 April 2014).
 Olhager , J. & Rudberg , M., 2002. Manufacturing strategy and ebusiness:
an exploratory study. Integrated marketing systems, 14(4), pp.
 Timmers, P., 1998. Business models for electronic markets. Electronic
Markets, 8(2), pp. 3-8.
 Groblinghoff, B., 2001. B2B E-commcerce, The Future of Business
Transactions & Relationships. pp. 1-17.
 Cullen, A.J. and Webster, M. 2007. A model of B2B e-commerce, based
on connectivity and purpose, International Journal of Operations and
Production Management, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 205-225
 Chong, W. K.,Shafaghi, M. and Tan, B. L. 2011, Development of a
business-to-business critical success factors (B2B CSFs) framework for
Chinese SMEs, Marketing Intelligence & Planning, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp.
 Khurana , H., Goel, K., Singh, M. & Bhutani, L., 2011. E-commerce:
Role of E-commerce in Today's Business. VSRD International Journal
of Business & Management Research, 1(7), pp. 451-461.
 Laudon, K. C. & Traver, C. G., 2009. E-commerce Business Models and
Concepts. In: s.l.:Prentice Hall, a divison of Pearson Education, Inc., pp.
 Nemat , L., 2011. Taking a look at different types of e-commerce. World
Applied Programming , 1(2), pp. 100-104.
 Poon, S. & Swatman, P., 1999. A longitudinal study of expectations in
small business internet commerce. International Journal of Electronic
Commerce, Volume 3, pp. 21-33.
 Jutla, D., Bodorik, P. & Dhaliqal, J., 2002. Supporting the e-business
readiness of small and medium-sized enterprises: approaches and
metrics. Internet Research: Electronic Networking applications and
Policy, 12(2), pp. 139-164.
 European Commission, 2005. The New SME Definition, Brussels,
Belgium: Enterprise And Industry Publications. Pp. 5.
 Decker , M., Scheifer, G. & Bulander , R., 2006. Specific Challenges for
Small and Medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in M-Business, A suitable
Framework for Mobile Service. Setubal, Portugal, INSTICC Press, pp.
 Fallon, M. & Moran, P., 2000. Information Communication Technology
(ICT) and Manufacturing in SMEs. Manchester, s.n., pp. 100-109.
 Zarook, T., Rahman, M. M. & Khanam, R., 2013. The Impact of
Demographic factors on Accessing Finance in Libya's SMEs.
International Jounral of Business and Management, 8(14), pp. 56-57.
 Harindranath, G., Dyerson, R. & Barnes, D., 2006. ICT In Small Firms:
Factors Affecting The Adoption And Use Of ICT in Southeast England
SMEs. pp. 1-12.
 Southern, A. & Tilley, F., 2000. Small Firms and Information and
Communication Technologies (ICTs): Toward a Typology of ICTs
Usage. New Technology, Work and Employment , 15(2), pp. 138-154.
 Brock, J. K. (2000). Information and communication technology in the
small firm. Enterprise and small business: Principles, practice and
 Bharati, P. & Chaudhury, A., 2010. IT adoption in small and mediumsized
enterprises: the role of knowledge acquistion. Lima, Peru, s.n., pp.
 Hollenstein, H. (2004). Determinants of the adoption of information and
communication technologies (ICT): an empirical analysis based on firmlevel
data for the Swiss business sector. Structural change and economic
dynamics, 15(3), 315-342.
 Smyth, M., & Ibbotson, P. 2001. Internet connectivity in Ireland. a joint
report by the Bank of Ireland and the University of Ulster, URL
(consulted December 2001): http://www.bankofireland.co.
 Packalen, K., 2010. ICT capabilities and possibilities in micro-firms: a
study of micro-firms in the Aland Islands archipelago. Slovenia, s.n.
 Jones, P., Davies , B. P. & Muir, E., 2003. E-business barriers to grwoth
within the SME sector. Journal of Systems and Information Technology,
7(1), pp. 1-25.
 Irefin, A., Abdul-Azeez, A. & Tijani, A., 2012. An Investigative Study
Of The Factors Affecting The Adoption Of Information Communication
Technology In Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria.
Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, 2(02), pp. 1-
 Mpofu, K. C., Milne, D. & Mathys, L. W., 2011. ICT Adoption and
Development of E-business among SMEs in South Africa. pp. 1-20.
 Koshy, P., 2011. Adoption of information and communications
technology in rural micro and small medium enterprises (MSEs): Case
of MSEs in South Indian State of Kerala, India. Institute for
Development Studies and Enterprise Research, Issue 2, pp. 1-43.
 Kaynak, E., Tatoglu, E. & Kula, V., 2005. An analysis of the factors of
the factors affecting the adoption of electronic commerce by SMEs,
Evidence from an emerging market. International marketing review,
22(6), pp. 623-650.
 Grandon, E. & Pearson, J., 2004. Electronic commerce adoption: an
empirical study of small and medium US businesses. Information &
Management, 42(97), pp. 197-216.
 Lowry , G., Singh, M. & Scollary, A., 1999. Electronic commerce
initiatives in Australia: Identifying opportunity, meeting challenges and
measuring success. Proceedings of the 10th Australasian Conference on
Information Systems. s.l., s.n.
 Taylor, M. & Murphy, A., 2004. SMEs and e-business. Journal of Small
Business and Enterprise Development, 11(3), pp. 280-289.
 Matapoulos, A., Vlachopolou, M. & Manthou, V., 2009. 2009.
Understanding the factors affecting e-business adoption and impact on
logistics processes, pp. 1-12.
 Nath, R. et al., 1998. Electronic Commerce and the Internet: Issues,
Problems and Perspectives. Internal Journal of Information
Management, 18(2), pp. 91-101.
 Dixon, T., Thompson, B. and McAllister, P. 2002. The Value of ICT for
SMEs in the UK A critical literature review: Research, Small Business
 Lee, S. C., 2001. An analytical Framework for Evaluating E-commerce
Business Models and Strategies. Internet Research: Electronic Network
Applications and Policy, 11(4), pp. 349-359.
 Bower, L. J. & Christensen, M. C., 1995. Disruptive technoloiges:
catching the wave. Harvard Business Review, pp. 43-53.
 Johnson, M., 2010. Barriers to innovation adoption: a study of emarkets.
Industrial Management & Data Systems, 110(2), pp. 157-174.
 Toussea, A. O., 2007. Information technology transfer: problems facing
African developing nations. International Journal of Human Computer
Interaction, Volume 3, pp. 79-93.
 Pesonen, T. & Smolander , K., 2011. Observations on e-Business
Implementation Capabilities in Hterogeneous Business Networks. pp.
 Tewksbury, R., 2009. Qualitative versus Quantitative Methods:
Understanding why Qualitative Methods are Superior for Criminology
and Criminal Justice. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical
Criminology, 1(1), pp. 38-58.
 Mathers , N., Fox, N. & Hunn, A., 1998. Using Interviews in a Research
Project. Trent Focus for Research and Development in Primary Health
care , pp. 1-24.
 Ballou, J., 2008. Open-ended Question. In: P. J. Lavrakas , ed. Thousand
Oaks, CA, US: SAGE Publications, pp. 547-549.
 Oates, B., 2006. Researching Information Systems and Computing.
London, England: SAGE Publications.
 Turner, J.R., Ledwith, A. and Kelly, J. 2009, Project management in
small and medium-sized enterprises: a comparison between firms by size
and industry, International Journal of Managing Projects in Business,
Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 282-296