Assessment of Tourist and Community Perception with Regard to Tourism Sustainability Indicators: A Case Study of Sinharaja World Heritage Rainforest, Sri Lanka
The purpose of this study was to determine tourist and community perception-based sustainable tourism indicators as well as Human Pressure Index (HPI) and Tourist Activity Index (TAI). Study was carried out in Sinharaja forest which is considered as one of the major eco-tourism destination in Sri Lanka. Data were gathered using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire as well as records from Forest department. Convenient sampling technique was applied. For the majority of issues, the responses were obtained on multi-point Likert-type scales. Visual portrayal was used for display analyzed data. The study revealed that the host community of the Kudawa gets many benefits from tourism. Also, tourism has caused negative impacts upon the environment and community. The study further revealed the need of proper waste management and involvement of local cultural events for the tourism business in the Kudawa conservation center. The TAI, which accounted to be 1.27 and monthly evolution of HPI revealed that congestion can be occurred in the Sinharaja rainforest during peak season. The results provide useful information to any party involved with tourism planning anywhere, since such attempts would be more effective once the people’s perceptions on these aspects are taken into account.
 A. H. M Jayasuriya and S. D. Abayawardana, “A Study to Determine the Changes in the Biodiversity Values of Southern Sinharaja And Kanneliya Forests After the Implementation of Gef Medium Sized Project”. 2008.
 United Nations World Tourism Organization, Sustainable tourism indicators and destination management: National Workshop, Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines. Philippines. 2007a.
 United Nations World Tourism Organization. Sustainable Tourism Indicators And Destination Management: Regional Workshop Kolašin, Montenegro. Kolašin. 2007b.
 World Tourism Organization, “Indicators of Sustainable Development for Tourism Destinations: A Guidebook” Madrid: World Tourism Organization, Spain. 2004.
 US Department of the Interior, The Visitor Experience and Resource Protection (VERP) Framework: A Handbook for Planners and Managers. 1997.
 World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). UNWTO: Annual Report 2011. Spain.2012.
 Sri Lanka Forest Department, Project proposal – Sinharaja conservation project, Sri Lanka. Forest Department, Ministry of Lands and Land Development, Sri Lanka, and WWF/IUCN. Colombo, Sri Lanka. 1988
 Sri Lanka Forest Department, Management plan for the conservation of the Sinharaja forest – phase II. Forest Department, Ministry of Lands and Land Development, Sri Lanka, and WWF/IUCN. Colombo, Sri Lanka, 92p. 1993.
 IUCN, Conservation Review of some Natural Forests in Sri Lanka. Forest Department, Environmental Management in Forestry Development, Battaramulla, 163p. 1993.
 H. M. Bandaratillake, “Managing the buffer zone in Sinharaja World Heritage Forest”. Parks, 1992, vol. 3(3), pp.15 -19.