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Batteryless DCM Boost Converter for Kinetic Energy Harvesting Applications
In this paper, a bidirectional boost converter operated in Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM) is presented as a suitable power conditioning circuit for tuning of kinetic energy harvesters without the need of a battery. A nonlinear control scheme, composed by two linear controllers, is used to control the average value of the input current, enabling the synthesization of complex loads. The converter, along with the control system, is validated through SPICE simulations using the LTspice tool. The converter model and the controller transfer functions are derived. From the simulation results, it was found that the input current distortion increases with the introduced phase shift and that, such distortion, is almost entirely present at the zero-crossing point of the input voltage.
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[1] K. Tashiro, “Possibility of magnetic energy harvesting for zero-power sensor,” IEEJ Transactions on Fundamentals and Materials, vol. 137, no. 8, pp. 442–447, 2017.
[2] G. Venkatesh, “Semiconductor solutions for the internet of things: The role of event detection, asynchronous design, energy harvesting and flexible electronics,” Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 441–461, 2013.
[3] A. Sanchez Ramirez, K. Das, R. Loendersloot, T. Tinga, and P. Havinga, “Wireless sensor network for helicopter rotor blade vibration monitoring: Requirements definition and technological aspects,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 569, pp. 775–782, 2013. (Online). Available:
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[5] A. R. M. Siddique, S. Mahmud, and B. Van Heyst, “A comprehensive review on vibration based micro power generators using electromagnetic and piezoelectric transducer mechanisms,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 106, pp. 728–747, 2015.
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