Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 30372


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10011072
Descriptive Study of Role Played by Exercise and Diet on Brain Plasticity
Abstract:
In today's world, everyone has become so busy in their to-do tasks and daily routine that they tend to ignore some of the basal components of our life, including exercise and diet. This comparative study analyzes the pathways of the relationship between exercise and brain plasticity and also includes another variable diet to study the effects of diet on learning by answering questions including which diet is known to be the best learning supporter and what are the recommended quantities of the same. Further, this study looks into inter-relation between diet and exercise, and also some other approach of the relation between diet and exercise on learning apart from through Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF).
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

References:

[1] Praveen Saroha, Mridul Sharma, “Comparative Study on the Effects of Exercise and Sleep on the Process of Learning”, UGC Sponsored 3rd National Conference in “UGC Sponsored 3rd National Conference on Latest Trends in Health and Physical Education book ISBN: 978-81-7524-879-3” pp 78,pg 280-pg282.
[2] http://scitechconnect.elsevier.com/what-is-brain-plasticity-why-so-important/
[3] https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/10-benefits-of-exercise#section10.
[4] https://globalsportmatters.com/health/2018/10/30/over-1-in-4-people-across-the-world-dont-get-enough-exercise-study-says/
[5] https://www.healthline.com/health/fitness-exercise-eating-healthy
[6] https://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/public+content/sa+health+internet/healthy+living/is+your+health+at+risk/the+risks+of+poor+nutrition
[7] https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/healthy-diet
[8] https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-04-globally-deaths-poor-diet.html
[9] https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/psychology/basolateral-amygdala
[10] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippocampus
[11] Lakshmiarasimhan H, Chattarji S., “Stress leads to contrasting effects on the levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor in the hippocampus and amygdala”, PLoS One. 2012;7(1):e30481. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030481. Epub 2012 Jan 17.
[12] Felice N. Jacka, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kaarin J. Anstey, Perminder Sachdev, and Peter Butterworth, “Western Diet is Associated with a Smaller Hippocampus: A longitudinal investigation,” Published online 2015 Sep 8. doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0461-x, Sydney, 2015.
[13] Peter Curzon, Nathan R. Rustay, and Kaitlin E. Browman,”Cued and Contextual Fear Conditioning for Rodents” in “Methods of Behavior Analysis in Neuroscience. 2nd edition” chapter 2.
[14] Nicola D Hanson, Michael J Owens, and Charles B Nemeroff, “Depression, Antidepressants, and Neurogenesis:” Neuropsychopharmacology. 2011; 36:2589–2602. doi: 10.1038/npp.2011.220.
[15] Tzu-Wei, Lina Yao-Hsiang, Shiha Shean-Jen, Chenbcd Chi-Hsiang, Lienb Chia-Yuan, Changb Tung-Yi, Huange Shun-Hua, Chenaf Chauying, J. Jenae Yu-Min Kuo, “Running exercise delays neurodegeneration in amygdala and hippocampus of Alzheimer’s disease (APP/PS1) transgenic mice”,
[16] A.M. Poulos K.M. Christian R.F. Thompson, “Procedural Learning: Classical Conditioning”, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012370509-9.00121-2
[17] Tzu-Wei Lin, Shean-Jen Chen, Tung-Yi Huang, Chia-Yuan Chang, Jih-Ing Chuang, Fong-Sen Wu, Yu-Min Kuo, Chauying J. Jen, “Different types of exercise induce differential effects on neuronal adaptations and memory performance”, in “Neurobiology of Learning and Memory” Volume 97, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 140-147
[18] Schreiber, R., Melon, C. & De Vry, J. Psychopharmacology (1998) 135: 383. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002130050526
[19] Leem YH, Jang JH, Park JS, Kim HS, "Exercise exerts an anxiolytic effect against repeated restraint stress through 5-HT2A-mediated suppression of the adenosine A2A receptor in the basolateral amygdala”, Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2019 Oct; 108:182-189. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.06.005. Epub 2019 Jun 12.
[20] De-guo Jiang, Shi-li Jin, Gong-ying Li, Qing-qing Li, Zhi-ruo Li, Hong-xia Ma, Chuan-jun Zhuo, Rong-huan Jiang, M.D, and Min-jie Ye, Ph.D, “Serotonin regulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in select brain regions during acute psychological stress” Neural Regen Res. 2016 Sep; 11(9): 1471–1479 doi: 10.4103/1673-5374.191222.
[21] Lara C. Foland-Ross, PhD, John O. Brooks, III, PhD, MD, Jim Mintz, George Bartzokis, MD,2 Jennifer Townsend, BA, Paul M. Thompson, PhD and Lori L. Altshuler, MD, “Mood-state effects on amygdala volume in bipolar disorder”, J Affect Disord. 2012 Aug; 139(3): 298–301.Published online 2012 Apr 21. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.03.003
[22] Brambilla P1, Harenski K, Nicoletti M, Sassi RB, Mallinger AG, Frank E, Kupfer DJ, Keshavan MS, Soares JC, “MRI investigation of temporal lobe structures in bipolar patients”, J Psychiatr Res. 2003 Jul-Aug; 37(4):287-95.
[23] Jessica H. Kalmar Ph.D, Fei Wang M.D., Ph.D. Lara G. Chepenik M.D., Ph.D., Fay Y. Womer M.D., Monique M. Jones B.S., Brian Pittman M.A., Maulik P. Shah M.D., Andrés Martin M.D., M.P.H.R. Todd Constable Ph.D., Hilary P. Blumberg M.D, “Relation Between Amygdala Structure and Function in Adolescents With Bipolar Disorder”, in "Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry" Volume 48, Issue 6, June 2009, Pages 636-642.
[24] Conrad, C. D., Magariños, A. M., LeDoux, J. E., & McEwen, B. S. (1999). Repeated restraint stress facilitates fear conditioning independently of causing hippocampal CA3 dendritic atrophy. Behavioral Neuroscience, 113(5), 902-913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7044.113.5.902.
[25] Hui Yu, and Zhe-yu Chen, "The role of BDNF in depression on the basis of its location in the neural circuitry”, Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2011 Jan; 32(1): 3–11. Published online 2010 Dec 6. doi: 10.1038/aps.2010.184
[26] University of California - Irvine. "Short-term Stress Can Affect Learning and Memory." ScienceDaily, 13 March 2008. .
[27] Govindarajan A, Rao BS, Nair D, Trinh M, Mawjee N, Tonegawa S, Chattarji S, “Transgenic brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression causes both anxiogenic and antidepressant effects”, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Aug 29;103(35):13208-13. Epub 2006 Aug 21.
[28] Martina Blank, Arethuza S. Dornelles, Aline Werenicz, Luciana A. Velho, Diana F. Pinto, Ana Cláudia Fedi, Nadja Schröder, Rafael Roesler, “Basolateral amygdala activity is required for enhancement of memory consolidation produced by histone deacetylase inhibition in the hippocampus”, in Neurobiology of Learning and Memory Volume 111, May 2014, Pages 1-8.
[29] Molteni R, Barnard RJ, Ying Z, Roberts CK, Gómez-Pinilla F, “A high-fat, refined sugar diet reduces hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neuronal plasticity, and learning”, Neuroscience. 2002; 112(4):803-14.
[30] Felice N. Jacka, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kaarin J. Anstey, Perminder Sachdev, and Peter Butterworth, “Western diet is associated with a smaller hippocampus: a longitudinal investigation”, BMC Med. 2015; 13: 215. Published online 2015 Sep 8. doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0461-x
[31] Anaya Mitra, Blake A. Gosnell, Helgi B. Schiöth, Martha K. Grace, Anica Klockars, Pawel K. Olszewski, and Allen S. Levine, “Chronic sugar intake dampens feeding-related activity of neurons synthesizing a satiety mediator, oxytocin”, Published in final edited form as: Peptides. 2010 Jul; 31(7): 1346–1352. Published online 2010 Apr 22. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2010.04.005.
[32] Amico JA, Vollmer RR, Cai HM, Miedlar JA, Rinaman L, “Enhanced initial and sustained intake of sucrose solution in mice with an oxytocin gene deletion”, Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2005 Dec; 289(6):R1798-806. Epub 2005 Sep 8.
[33] Edwards LM, Murray AJ, Holloway CJ, Carter EE, Kemp GJ, Codreanu I, Brooker H, Tyler DJ, Robbins PA, Clarke K, “Short-term consumption of a high-fat diet impairs whole-body efficiency and cognitive function in sedentary men.”, FASEB J. 2011 Mar;25(3):1088-96. doi: 10.1096/fj.10-171983. Epub 2010 Nov 24.
[34] Okihara H, Ito J, Kokai S, Ishida T, Hiranuma M, Kato C, Yabushita T, Ishida K, Ono T, Michikawa M, “Liquid diet induces memory impairment accompanied by a decreased number of hippocampal neurons in mice.” J Neurosci Res. 2014 Aug;92(8):1010-7. doi: 10.1002/jnr.23383. Epub 2014 Mar 31.
[35] G.N.Elston, “Specialization of the Neocortical Pyramidal Cell during Primate Evolution”, https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-12-370878-8/00164-6
[36] Jenny Sunariani, Christian Khoswanto, and Wahyuning Ratih Irmalia, “Difference of brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression and pyramid cell count during mastication of food with varying hardness”, J Appl Oral Sci. 2019; 27: e20180182. Published online 2019 Apr 1. doi: 10.1590/1678-7757-2018-0182.
[37] Wahyuning Ratih Irmalia, Jenny Sunariani, Christian Khoswanto, “Different Food Hardness Affect Memory”, Journal of International Dental and Medical Research ISSN 1309-100X Food Hardness Affect Memory http://www.jidmr.com Wahyuning Ratih Irmalia, and et al.
[38] Mendes Fde C, de Almeida MN, Felício AP, Fadel AC, Silva Dde J, Borralho TG, da Silva RP, Bento-Torres J, Vasconcelos PF, Perry VH, Ramos EM, Picanço-Diniz CW, Sosthenes MC, “Enriched environment and masticatory activity rehabilitation recover spatial memory decline in aged mice.”, BMC Neurosci. 2013 Jun 28;14:63. doi: 10.1186/1471-2202-14-63.
[39] Kaitlyn E. Gilland and Edward A. Fox, “Effect of food deprivation or short-term Western diet feeding on BDNF protein expression in the hypothalamic arcuate, paraventricular, and ventromedial nuclei”, 07 APR 2017https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00256.2016.
[40] Pasco JA, Jacka FN, Williams LJ, Henry MJ, Nicholson GC, Kotowicz MA, Berk M., “Leptin in depressed women: cross-sectional and longitudinal data from an epidemiologic study.”, J Affect Disord. 2008 Apr; 107(1-3):221-5. Epub 2007 Aug 28.
[41] Lai JS, Hiles S, Bisquera A, Hure AJ, McEvoy M, Attia J, “A systematic review and meta-analysis of dietary patterns and depression in community-dwelling adults.”, Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Jan;99(1):181-97. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.069880. Epub 2013 Nov 6.
[42] Jacka FN, Pasco JA, Mykletun A, Williams LJ, Hodge AM, O'Reilly SL, Nicholson GC, Kotowicz MA, Berk M., “Association of Western and traditional diets with depression and anxiety in women.”, Am J Psychiatry. 2010 Mar;167(3):305-11. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09060881. Epub 2010 Jan 4.
[43] Morrison CD, Pistell PJ, Ingram DK, Johnson WD, Liu Y, Fernandez-Kim SO, White CL, Purpera MN, Uranga RM, Bruce-Keller AJ, Keller JN, “High fat diet increases hippocampal oxidative stress and cognitive impairment in aged mice: implications for decreased Nrf2 signaling.”, J Neurochem. 2010 Sep;114(6):1581-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2010.06865.x. Epub 2010 Jul 27.
[44] Ihab Hajjar, Salim S. Hayek, Felicia C. Goldstein, Greg Martin, Dean P. Jones, and Arshed Quyyumi, “Oxidative stress predicts cognitive decline with aging in healthy adults: an observational study”, J Neuroinflammation. 2018; 15: 17. Published online 2018 Jan 16. doi: 10.1186/s12974-017-1026-z.
[45] A Antoine E. Roux, Alexandre Leroux, Manal A. Alaamery, Charles S. Hoffman, Pascal Chartrand, Gerardo Ferbeyre, Luis A. Rokeach,”Pro-Aging Effects of Glucose Signaling through a G Protein-Coupled Glucose Receptor in Fission Yeast”, Published: March 6, 2009 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000408.
[46] Helen M. Melo, Luís Eduardo Santos, and Sergio T. Ferreira, “Diet-Derived Fatty Acids, Brain Inflammation, and Mental Health”, Front Neurosci. 2019; 13: 265.Published online 2019 Mar 26. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2019.00265.
[47] Ihab Hajjar, Salim S. Hayek, Felicia C. Goldstein, Greg Martin, Dean P. Jones, and Arshed Quyyumi, “Oxidative stress predicts cognitive decline with aging in healthy adults: an observational study”, J Neuroinflammation. 2018; 15: 17.Published online 2018 Jan 16. doi: 10.1186/s12974-017-1026-z.
[48] Beilharz JE, Maniam J, Morris MJ, “Short exposure to a diet rich in both fat and sugar or sugar alone impairs place, but not object recognition memory in rats.”, Brain Behav Immun. 2014 Mar;37:134-41. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2013.11.016. Epub 2013 Dec 3.
[49] https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/mediterranean-diet/art-20047801.
[50] Psaltopoulou T, Sergentanis TN, Panagiotakos DB, Sergentanis IN, Kosti R, Scarmeas N, “Mediterranean diet, stroke, cognitive impairment, and depression: A meta-analysis”, Ann Neurol. 2013 Oct;74(4):580-91. doi: 10.1002/ana.23944. Epub 2013 Sep 16.
[51] Samieri C, Okereke OI, E Devore E, Grodstein F, “Long-term adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with overall cognitive status, but not cognitive decline, in women.”, J Nutr. 2013 Apr;143(4):493-9. doi: 10.3945/jn.112.169896. Epub 2013 Jan 30.
[52] Mitjavila MT, Fandos M, Salas-Salvadó J, Covas MI, Borrego S, Estruch R, Lamuela-Raventós R, Corella D, Martínez-Gonzalez MÁ, Sánchez JM, Bulló M, Fitó M, Tormos C, Cerdá C, Casillas R, Moreno JJ, Iradi A, Zaragoza C, Chaves J, Sáez GT, “The Mediterranean diet improves the systemic lipid and DNA oxidative damage in metabolic syndrome individuals. A randomized, controlled, trial.”, Clin Nutr. 2013 Apr;32(2):172-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2012.08.002. Epub 2012 Aug 31.
[53] Almudena Sánchez-Villegas, Miguel Angel Martínez-González, Ramón Estruch, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Maria Isabel Covas, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, José Lapetra, Xavier Pintó, Jose Alfredo Martínez, Rosa María Lamuela-Raventós, Emilio Ros, Alfredo Gea, Julia Wärnberg, and Lluis Serra-Majem, “Mediterranean dietary pattern and depression: the PREDIMED randomized trial”, BMC Med. 2013; 11: 208.Published online 2013 Sep 20. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-11-208.
[54] Pérez-Martínez P1, García-Ríos A, Delgado-Lista J, Pérez-Jiménez F, López-Miranda J., “Mediterranean diet rich in olive oil and obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus.”, Curr Pharm Des. 2011;17(8):769-77.
[55] Mitjavila MT1, Fandos M, Salas-Salvadó J, Covas MI, Borrego S, Estruch R, Lamuela-Raventós R, Corella D, Martínez-Gonzalez MÁ, Sánchez JM, Bulló M, Fitó M, Tormos C, Cerdá C, Casillas R, Moreno JJ, Iradi A, Zaragoza C, Chaves J, Sáez GT, “The Mediterranean diet improves the systemic lipid and DNA oxidative damage in metabolic syndrome individuals. A randomized, controlled, trial.”, Clin Nutr. 2013 Apr;32(2):172-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2012.08.002. Epub 2012 Aug 31.
[56] Wu A1, Ying Z, Gomez-Pinilla F., “The interplay between oxidative stress and brain-derived neurotrophic factor modulates the outcome of a saturated fat diet on synaptic plasticity and cognition”, Eur J Neurosci. 2004 Apr;19(7):1699-707.
[57] Wu A1, Ying Z, Gomez-Pinilla F., “Dietary omega-3 fatty acids normalize BDNF levels, reduce oxidative damage, and counteract learning disability after traumatic brain injury in rats.”, J Neurotrauma. 2004 Oct;21(10):1457-67.
[58] Alberto Granzotto and Paolo Zatta, “Resveratrol and Alzheimer’s disease: message in a bottle on red wine and cognition”, Front. Aging Neurosci., 14 May 2014 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2014.00095.
[59] Valente T1, Hidalgo J, Bolea I, Ramirez B, Anglés N, Reguant J, Morelló JR, Gutiérrez C, Boada M, Unzeta M., “A diet enriched in polyphenols and polyunsaturated fatty acids, LMN diet, induces neurogenesis in the subventricular zone and hippocampus of adult mouse brain.”, J Alzheimers Dis. 2009;18(4):849-65. doi: 10.3233/JAD-2009-1188.
[60] Nisha Singh, Adriane R Rosa, Eleanor Whitaker, Marianne de Britto, Alexander Lewis, Edward Vieta, Grant C Churchill, John R Geddes, and Guy M Goodwin, “Relating mood to plasma glutathione and BDNF levels in patients with bipolar disorder”, FASEB journal Vol. 27, No. 1_supplement.
[61] Ihab Hajjar, Salim S. Hayek, Felicia C. Goldstein, Greg Martin, Dean P. Jones, and Arshed Quyyumi,"Oxidative stress predicts cognitive decline with aging in healthy adults: an observational study”, J Neuroinflammation. 2018; 15: 17.Published online 2018 Jan 16. doi: 10.1186/s12974-017-1026-z.
[62] https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/how-to-increase-glutathione.
[63] Cherbuin N1, Anstey KJ, “The Mediterranean diet is not related to cognitive change in a large prospective investigation: the PATH through Life study”, Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2012 Jul;20(7):635-9. doi: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e31823032a9.
[64] Nadine Zeeni, Edwina Abou Haidar, Adriana Azar, Anthony Ghanem, Katherine Bassil, Maya Bassil, and Sama Sleiman, “The Combinatory Effects of Diet and Exercise on BDNF Gene Expression”, FASEB journal Vol. 31, No. 1_supplementApril 2017
[65] Catherine L. Davis, Phillip D. Tomporowski, Colleen A. Boyle, Jennifer L. Waller, Patricia H. Miller, Jack A. Naglieri, and Mathew Gregoski, “Effects of aerobic exercise on overweight children’s cognitive functioning”, Res Q Exerc Sport. 2007 Dec; 78(5): 510519.doi: 10.1080/02701367.2007.10599450
[66] Winter B, Breitenstein C, Mooren FC, Voelker K, Fobker M, Lechtermann A, Krueger K, Fromme A, Korsukewitz C, Floel A, Knecht S, “High impact running improves learning.”, Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2007 May;87(4):597-609. Epub 2006 Dec 20.
[67] Coursera online course “Biohacking Your Brain’s Health”, by Prof. Karima Benameur, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Emory University.
[68] S Matura, J Fleckenstein, R Deichmann, T Engeroff, E Füzéki, E Hattingen, R Hellweg, B Lienerth, U Pilatus, S Schwarz, V A Tesky, L Vogt, W Banzer, and J Pantel, “Effects of aerobic exercise on brain metabolism and grey matter volume in older adults: results of the randomised controlled SMART trial”, Transl Psychiatry. 2017 Jul; 7(7): e1172.Published online 2017 Jul 18. doi: 10.1038/tp.2017.135
[69] Kirk I. Erickson, Regina L. Leckie, Andrea M. Weinstein, “Physical activity, fitness, and gray matter volume”, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2014.03.034.
[70] Thomas Frodl, Veronica O’Keane, “Chapter 9 - Integrating the Stress Systems and Neuroimaging in Depression”, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-802456-0.00009-1.
[71] Stroth, Sanna & Hille, Katrin & Spitzer, Manfred & Reinhardt, Ralf. (2008). Aerobic endurance exercise benefits memory and affect in young adults. Neuropsychological rehabilitation. 19. 223-43. 10.1080/09602010802091183.
Vol:14 No:04 2020Vol:14 No:03 2020Vol:14 No:02 2020Vol:14 No:01 2020
Vol:13 No:12 2019Vol:13 No:11 2019Vol:13 No:10 2019Vol:13 No:09 2019Vol:13 No:08 2019Vol:13 No:07 2019Vol:13 No:06 2019Vol:13 No:05 2019Vol:13 No:04 2019Vol:13 No:03 2019Vol:13 No:02 2019Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007