Developing a Town Based Soil Database to Assess the Sensitive Zones in Nutrient Management
For this study, a town based soil database created in
Gümüsçay District of Biga Town, Çanakkale, Turkey. Crop and
livestock production are major activities in the district. Nutrient
management is mainly based on commercial fertilizer application
ignoring the livestock manure. Within the boundaries of district, 122
soil sampling points determined over the satellite image. Soil samples
collected from the determined points with the help of handheld
Global Positioning System. Labeled samples were sent to a
commercial laboratory to determine 11 soil parameters including
salinity, pH, lime, organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium,
iron, manganese, copper and zinc. Based on the test results soil maps
for mentioned parameters were developed using remote sensing, GIS,
and geostatistical analysis. In this study we developed a GIS database
that will be used for soil nutrient management. Methods were
explained and soil maps and their interpretations were summarized in
 S. Klausner, Nutrient Management: Crop Production and Water Quality.
Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, 1997.
 J.S. Kessel, R.B. Thompson and J.B. Reeves III., 1999. Rapid On-Farm
Analysis of Manure Nutrients Using Quick Tests. Journal of Production
Agriculture, 12(2): 215-224.
 M. Langmeier, E. Frossard, M. Kreuzer, P. Mader, D. Dubois and A.
Oberson, 2002. Nitrogen Fertilizer Value of Cattle Manure Applied on
Soils Originating From Organic and Conventional Farming Systems.
 B.L. Ma, L.M. Dwyer and E.G. Gregorich, 1999. Soil Nitrogen
Amendment Effects on Seasonal Nitrogen Mineralization and Nitrogen
Cycling in Maize Production. Agronomy Journal 91:1003–1009.
 E.B. Mallory, T.S. Griffin and G.A. Porter, 2010. Seasonal Nitrogen
Availability from Current and Past Applications of Manure. Nutrient
Cycle Agroecosystem (2010) 88:351–360.
 J.M. Gerhart, 1986. Ground-Water Recharge and its Effects on Nitrate
Concentration Beneath Manured Field Site in Pennsylvania. Ground
Water July-August 1986, vol. 24, no.4.
 NRCS, 2005. Applying Manure in Sensitive Areas. Minnesota Pollution
Control Agency and USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
 TÜĐK, 2011. Statistics. http://www.tuik.gov.tr/.
 L. Genç, M. Đnalpulat, Ü. Kızıl and S. Aksu, 2014. Determination of
Paddy Rice Field Using Landsat 8 Images. International Conference on
Biological, Civil and Environmental Engineering (BCEE-2014). March
17-18, 2014 Dubai (UAE). p. 195-198.
 ESRI, 2010. ArcGIS 10 Help.
 E. Hosseini, J. Gallichand and J. Caron, 1993. Comparison of Several
Interpolators for Smoothing Hydraulic Conductivity Data in South West
Iran. American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Vol.36. No.6. p.
 Saskatchewan Agriculture, Food and Rural Revitalization Program
(SAFRR), 2009. Tri-Provincial Manure Application and Use Guidelines:
Saskatchewan. Soil Sampling and Analysis.
 L.A. Richards, 1954. Diagnosis and Improvements Saline and Alkaline
Soils. US Department of Agriculture. Handbook 60.
 L.E. Allison and C.D. Moodie, 1965. Method of Soil Analysis, Part 2.
Agronomy 9. p. 1379-1400.
 M.L. Jackson, 1962. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall Inc.
Englewood Cliffs.New Jersey. USA.
 S.R. Olsen, V. Cole, F.S. Watanebe and L.A. Dean, 1954. Estimation of
Available Phosphorus in Soils by Extraction with Sodium Bicarbonate.
USDA, 939 Washington, D.C.
 M.L. Jackson, 1958. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall Inc.
Englewood Cliffs.New Jersey. USA.
 W.L. Lindsay, and W.A. Norwell, 1978. Development of a DTPA Soil
Test for Zinc, Iron, Manganese and Copper. Soil Science of American
Journal. Vol. 42. Is.3. p. 421-428.
 H. Tasova and A. Akın, 2013. Marmara Bölgesi Topraklarının Bitki
Besin Maddesi Kapsamlarının Belirlenmesi, Veri Tabanının
Olusturulması ve Haritalanması. Topraksu Dergisi. Vol.2. Is.2. s. 83-95.