Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 30455

Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
Effect of Biostimulants to Control the Phelipanche ramosa L. Pomel in Processing Tomato Crop
The experimental trial was carried out in open field at Foggia district (Apulia Region, Southern Italy), during the spring-summer season 2014, in order to evaluate the effect of four biostimulant products (RadiconÒ, Viormon plusÒ, LysodinÒ and SiaptonÒ 10L), compared with a control (no biostimulant), on the infestation of processing tomato crop (cv Dres) by the chlorophyll-lacking root parasite Phelipanche ramosa. Biostimulants consist in different categories of products (microbial inoculants, humic and fulvic acids, hydrolyzed proteins and aminoacids, seaweed extracts) which play various roles in plant growing, including the improvement of crop resistance and quali-quantitative characteristics of yield. The experimental trial was arranged according to a complete randomized block design with five treatments, each of one replicated three times. The processing tomato seedlings were transplanted on 5 May 2014. Throughout the crop cycle, P. ramosa infestation was assessed according to the number of emerged shoots (branched plants) counted in each plot, at 66, 78 and 92 day after transplanting. The tomato fruits were harvested at full-stage of maturity on 8 August 2014. From each plot, the marketable yield was measured and the quali-quantitative yield parameters (mean weight, dry matter content, colour coordinate, colour index and soluble solids content of the fruits) were determined. The whole dataset was tested according to the basic assumptions for the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the differences between the means were determined using Tukey’s tests at the 5% probability level. The results of the study showed that none of the applied biostimulants provided a whole control of Phelipanche, although some positive effects were obtained from their application. To this respect, the RadiconÒ appeared to be the most effective in reducing the infestation of this root-parasite in tomato crop. This treatment also gave the higher tomato yield.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


[1] D. Rubiales, M. Fernandez-Aparicio, K. Wegmann, D.M. Joel, 2009. Revisiting strategies for reducing the seed bank of Orobanche and Phelipanche spp.. Weed Res., 49, 23-33.
[2] D.K. Berner DK, R. Carsky, K. Dashiell, J. Kling, V. Manyoung, 1996. A land management based approach to integrated Striga hermonthica control, in sub-Saharan Africa. Outlook on Agriculture, 25, 157-164.
[3] C.M. Ghersa, M.A. Martinez- Ghersa, 2000. Ecological of weed seed size and persistence in the soil under different tilling system; implications for weed management. Field Crops Research 67, 141-148.
[4] Z.Y. Ashrafi, M.A. Hassan, H.R. Mashhadi; S. Sadeghi, 2009. Applied of soil solarization for control of Egyptian broomrape (Orobanche aegyptiaca) on the cucumber (Cucumis sativus) in two growing seasons. J. Agril. Technol., 5(1), 201-212.
[5] A. Habimana, J.D. Nduwumuremyi, R. Chinama, 2014. Management of Orobanche in field crops- A review. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 14(19), 43-62.
[6] G. Disciglio, F. Lops, A. Carlucci, G. Gatta, A. Tarantino, L. Frabboni, F. Carriero, F. Cibelli, M. L. Raimondo, E. Tarantino, 2015a. Phelipanche ramosa (L. - Pomel) Control in Field Tomato Crop. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Agricultural, Biosystems Science and Engineering. Vol. 9 No 1, 13-17.
[7] B.E. Abu-Irmaileh 1994. Nitrogen reduces branched broom-rape (Orobanche ramosa) seed germination. Weed Science 42, 57-60.
[8] M.O. Ahonsi, D.K Berner, A.M Emechebe, S.T. Lagoke, N. Sangina, 2004. Effects of ALS - inhibitor herbicides, crop sequence, and fertilization on natural soil supressiveness to Striga hermonthica. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 104, 453-463.
[9] Jain & CL Foy, 1992. Nutrient effects on parasitism and germination of Egyptian broomrape (Orobanche aegyptiaca). Weed Technology 6, 269-275.
[10] K. Yoneyana, X. Xie, D. Kusumoto, et al., 2007. Nitrogen deficiency as well as phosphorus deficiency in sorghum promotes the production and exudation of 5-deoxystrigol, the host recognition signal for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and root parasites. Planta 227, 125-132.
[11] J. Sauerborn, B. Kranz, H. Mercer-Quarshie H., 2003. Organic amendments to mitigate heterotrophic weed population in savannah agricolture. Applied Soil Ecology 23, 181-186.
[12] M. Vurro, B. Boari, A.L.,Pilgeram, D.C. Sands, 2005. Exogenous aminoacids inhibit seed germination and tubercle formation by Orobanche ramosa (Brooomrape): potential application for management of parasitic weed. Biological Control, 36, 258-265.
[13] M. Vurro, B. Boari, A. Evidente, A. Andolfi, N. Zermane, 2009. Natural metabolites for parasitic weed management. Pest Management Science, 65, 566-571.
[14] Biostimulant Coalition, 2013. What are biostimolants?
[15] E. Tarantino, G. Disciglio, L. Frabboni, A. Libutti, G. Gatta, A. Gagliardi, A. Tarantino A., 2015. Effects of biostimulant application on quali-quantitative characteristics of cauliflower, pepper and fennel crops under organic and conventional fertilization. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Agricultural, Biosystems Science and Engineering. Vol. 9 No 7, 685-689.
[16] Calvo P, Nelson L, Kloepper JW (2014). Agricultural uses of plant biostimulants. Plant Soil, 383, 3-41.
[17] G. Disciglio, F. Lops, A. Carlucci, G. Gatta, A. Tarantino, E. Tarantino, 2015b. Effect of different methods to control the parasitic weed Phelipanche ramosa (L.- Pomel) in tomato crop. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Agricultural, Biosystems Science and Engineering, vol. 9, No:4, 371-375.
[18] G. Disciglio, F. Lops, A. Carlucci, G. Gatta, A. Tarantino, L. Frabboni, F. Carriero, E. Tarantino E., 2016. Effects of different methods to control the parasitic weed Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel in processing tomato crops. Italian Journal of Agronomy, vol. 11:681, 39-46.
[19] AOAC, 1990. Official method of analysis (No 934,06). Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC), Washington, DC, USA.
[20] M. Jiménez-Cuesta, J. Cuquarella, J.M. Martinez-Javaga, 1981. Determination of color index for citrus fruit degreening. Proc. Int. Citricult., 2, 750-3.
[21] F.J. Francis, F.M. Clydesdale, 1975. Food colorimetry: theory and applications. AVI Publ. Co., Westport, CT. pp. 477.
Vol:14 No:05 2020Vol:14 No:04 2020Vol:14 No:03 2020Vol:14 No:02 2020Vol:14 No:01 2020
Vol:13 No:12 2019Vol:13 No:11 2019Vol:13 No:10 2019Vol:13 No:09 2019Vol:13 No:08 2019Vol:13 No:07 2019Vol:13 No:06 2019Vol:13 No:05 2019Vol:13 No:04 2019Vol:13 No:03 2019Vol:13 No:02 2019Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007