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Gated Communities and Sense of Community: A Review on the Social Features of Gated Communities
Since the mid-1970s, gated communities distributed in Latin America. They are a kind of residential development where there are privatized public spaces, and access to the area is restricted. They have specific impacts on the neighborhoods that located outside their walls such as threatening security, limiting access, and spreading social inequality. This research mainly focused on social features of gated community as; segregation, fragmentation, exclusion, specifically on sense of community and typology of gated communities. The conclusion will clarify the pros and cons of gated communities and how it could be successful or not.
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[1] Austin, D. Mark, L. Allen Furr, and Michael Spine. "The effects of neighborhood conditions on perceptions of safety." Journal of criminal justice 30, no. 5 (2002): 417-427.
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[3] Blanchard, Anita L. "Testing a model of sense of virtual community." Computers in Human Behavior 24, no. 5 (2008): 2107-2123.
[4] Lister, Diane, Rowland Atkinson, and John Flint. Gated communities: a systematic review of the research evidence. Bristol: ESRC Centre for Neighbourhood Research, 2003.
[5] Coy M, Pöhler M. Gated communities in Latin American megacities: case studies in Brazil and Argentina. Environment and Planning B: Planning and design. 2002 Jun 1; 29(3):355-70.
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[7] Ft Lauderdale Police Department Crime Prevention/Planning and Research Unit (1990) Street Closure Study. Ft Lauderdale, FL.
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[30] Wilson-Doenges, Georjeanna. ‘An exploration of sense of community and fear of crime in gated communities.’ Environment and behavior 32, no. 5 (2000): 597-611.
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