Heavy Metals and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Roadside Soil Samples: A Review
 R. Bartha, R. P. Lanzilotta, D. Pramer, "Stability and effects of some pesticides in soil”, American Society Microbio., vol. 15, pp. 67-75, 1967.
 Z. M. Gong, S. Tao, F.L. Xu, R. Dawson, W.X. Liu, Y.H. Cui, J. Cao, X.J. Wang, W. R. Shen, W. J. Zhang, B. P. Qing, R. Sun, "Level and distribution of DDT in surface soils from Tianjin, China”, Chemosphere, vol. 54, pp. 1247-1253, 2004.
 J. Li, G. Zhang, S. Qi, X. Li, X. Peng, "Concentrations, enantiomeric compositions, and sources of HCH, DDT and chlordane in soils from the Pearl River Delta, South China”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 372, pp. 215-224, 2006.
 H. Hao, B. Sun, Z. Zhao, "Effect of land use change from paddy to vegetable field on the residues of organochlorine pesticides in soils”, Environ. Poll., vol. 30, pp. 1-7, 2008.
 R. Westbom, A. Hussen, N. Megersa, N. Retta, L. Mathiasson, E. Bjorklund, "Assessment of organochlorine pesticide pollution in Upper Awash Ethopian state farm soils using selective pressurized liquid extraction”, Chemosphere, vol. 72, pp. 1181-1187, 2008.
 S. C. Antunes, J. L. Pereira, A. Cachada, A.C. Duarte, F. Goncalves, J. P. Susa, R. Pereira, "Structural effects of the bioavailable fraction of pesticides in soil: stability of elutriate testing”, J. Hazar. Mat, vol. 184, pp. 215-225, 2010.
 L. Fang., Y. Feng, H. Liu, Z. Wu, "Determination of organochlorine pesticide residues in soil/sediment using isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry”, Chinese J. Chromato., vol. 28, pp. 476-482, 2010.
 M. Gonzalez., K. S. Miglioranza, J. E. Aizpun, F I. Isla, A. Pena, "Assessing pesticide leachate and desorption in soils with different agricultural activities from Argentina (Pampa and Patagonia)”, Chemosphere, vol. 81, pp. 351-358, 2010.
 M. C. Hernandez-Soriano, M. D. Mingorance, A. Pena, A Desorption of two organophosphorus pesticides from soil with wastewater and surfactant solutions, J. Environ. Manag., vol. 95, pp. 223–227, 2010.
 W. Huang, L. Gao, A. Gong, C. Li, P. Wang, S. Fu, K. Xiao, B. Zhang, W. Liu, "Determination of trace organochlorine pesticides in soil using isotope dilution-high resolution gas chromatography”, Chinese J. Chromato., vol. 28, pp. 460-464, 2010.
 J. A. Oyekunle., A. O. Ogunfowokan, N. Torto, M. S. Akanni, "Determination of organochlorine pesticides in the agricultural soil of Oke-Osun farm settlement, Osogbo, Nigeria”, Environ. Monit. Assess., vol. 177, pp. 51–61, 2011.
 P. Loganathan, M. J. Hedley, G. C. Wallace, A. H. C. Roberts, "Fluoride accumulation in pasture forages and soils following long-term applications of phosphorus fertilizers”, Environ. Poll., vol. 115, pp. 275-282, 2001.
 S. Pena-Haro, C. Llopis-Albert, M. Pulido-Velazquez, D. Pulido-Velazquez, "Fertilizers standards for controlling groundwater nitrate pollution from agriculture: El Salobral-Los Llanos case study, Spain”, J. Hydro., vol. 392, pp. 174-187, 2010.
 F. Gimeno-Garcia, V. Andreu, R. Boluda, "Heavy metals incidence in the application of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides to rice farming soils”, Environ. Poll., vol. 92, pp. 19-25, 1996.
 U. Thawornchaisit, C. Polprasert, "Evaluation of phosphate fertilizers for the stabilization of cadmium in highly contaminated soils”, J. Hazar. Mat., vol. 165, pp. 1109-1113, 2008.
 M. Imperato, P. Adamo, D. Naimo, M. Arienzo, D. Stanzione, P. Violente, "Spatial distribution of heavy metals in urban soils of Naples city (Italy),” Environ. Poll., vol. 124, pp. 247-256, 2003.
 F. Smith, J. Smith, R. Naidu, "Distribution and nature of arsenic along former railway corridors of South Australia”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 363, pp. 175-182, 2006.
 K. F. Akbar, W. H. G. Hale, A. D. Headley, M. Athar, "Heavy metals contamination of roadside soils of northern England”, Soil Water Res., vol. 1, pp. 158-163, 2006.
 S. Onder, S. Dursun, S. Gezgin, A. Demirbas, "Determination of Heavy Metal Pollution in Grass and Soil of City Centre Green Areas (Konya, Turkey)”, Pol. J. Environ. Studies, vol. 16, pp. 145-154, 2007.
 M. Jian-Hua, C. Chun-Jie, L. Jian, S. Bo, "Heavy Metal Pollution in Soils on Railroad Side of Zhengzhou-Putian Section of Longxi-Haizhou Railroad, China”, Pedosphere, vol. 19, pp. 121–128, 2009.
 E. S. Abechi, O. J. Okunola, S. M. J. Zubairu, A. A. Usman, E. Apene, "Evaluation of heavy metals in roadside soils of major streets in Jos metropolis, Nigeria”, J. Environ. Chem. Ecotoxicol., vol. 2, pp. 98-102, 2010.
 H. Ramakrishnaiah, R. K. Somashekar, "Heavy metal contamination in roadside soil and their mobility in relation to pH and Organic Carbon”, Soil Sedi. Contamin., vol. 11, pp. 643-654, 2002.
 H. Ozaki, I. Watanabe, K. Kuno, "As, Sb and Hg distribution and pollution sources in the roadside soil and dust around Kamikochi, Chubu Sangaku National Park, Japan”, Geochem. J., vol. 38, pp. 473-484, 2004.
 P. C. Onianwa, "Petroleum hydrocarbon pollution of urban topsoil in Ibadan city, Nigeria”, Environ. Int., vol. 21, pp. 341-343, 1995.
 V. Evagelopoulos, T. A. Albanis, A. Asvesta, S. Zoras, "Polycuclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fine and course particles”, Global NEST J., vol. 12, pp. 63-70, 2010.
 S. Moret, G. Purcaro, L. S. Conte, "Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) from the soil and olives collected in areas contaminated with creosote released from old railway ties”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 386, pp. 1-8, 2007.
 V. S. Srivastava, "Correlation of metal-organic fractions in industrial sludge amended soils, Indian”, Indian J. Environ. Pro., vol. 21, pp. 428-430, 2001.
 V. Vidhya, R. Babu, C. K. Kale, V. M. Kothandaraman, U. Manivel, R. Jayabalou, Y. V. Subramaniam, "Irrigation waters and soils quality with reference to operation of a small scale chemical industry”, Indian J. Environ. Pro., vol. 21, pp. 409-415, 2001.
 V. Sharma, R. Sharma, K. D. Sharma, "Distillery effluent effect on seed germination, early seedling growth and pigment content of sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris Linn. Var. Mezzanau-Poly)”, J. Environ. Bio., vol. 23, pp. 77-80, 2002.
 V. Abrol, P. Wali, N. Pareek, A. K. Mondal, V. K. Jalali, "Edaphic impact of sewage and industrial effluents on soil resources”, Indian J. Environ. Pro., vol. 23, pp. 741-748, 2003.
 S. R. Tariq, M. H. Shahand, N. Shaheen, "Comparative statistical analysis of chrome and vegetable tanning effluents and their effects on related soil”, J. Hazar. Mat., vol. 169, pp. 285-290, 2009.
 H. N. Ezeh, E. Chukwu, "Analysis of heavy metals concentration in road sides soil in Yauri, Nigeria”, J. Geo. Mining Res., vol. 3, pp. 87-104, 2011.
 C. Aydinalp, S. Marinova, "Distribution and Forms of Heavy Metals in Some Agricultural Soils. Pol J Environ Studies”, Pol. J. Environ. Studies., vol. 12, pp. 629-633, 2003.
 E. I. Uwah, N. P. Ndahi, V O. Ogugbuaja, "Study of the levels of some agricultural pollutants in soils and water leaf (Talinum triangulare) obtained in Maiduguri, Nigeria”, J. App. Sci. Environ. Sanit., vol. 4, pp. 71-78, 2009.
 A. Aleem, A. Malik., "Genotoxic hazards of long term application of wastewater on agricultural soil”, Mut. Res., vol. 538, pp. 145-154, 2003.
 Z. A. Alam, S. Ahmad, A. Malik, "Genotoxic and mutagenic potential of agricultural soil irrigated with tannery effluents at Jajmau (Kanpur), India”, Arch. Environ. Contamin. Toxicol., vol. 57, pp. 463-476, 2009.
 A. Bacaloni, C. Cavaliere, A. Faberi, P. Foglia, R. Samperi, A. Lagana, "Determination of isoflavones and coumestrol in river water and domestic wastewater sewage treatment plants”, Analytica Chemica Acta., vol. 531, pp. 229-237, 2005.
 M. W. Kadi, "Soil pollution hazardous to environment: A case study on the chemical composition and correlation to automobile traffic of the roadside soil of Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia”, J. Hazar. Mat., vol. 168, pp. 1280-1283, 2009.
 V. N. Plakhotnik, J. V. Onyshchenko, L. A. Yaryshkina, "The environmental impacts of railway transportationin the Ukraine”, Transport. Res. Part D, vol. 10, pp. 263-368, 2005.
 S. R. Joshi, R. Kumar, P. Saikia, R. K. Bhagobaty, S. Thokchom, "Impact of roadside pollution on microbial activities in Sub-Tropical forests soil of North East India”, Res. J. Environ. Sci., vol. 4, pp. 280-287, 2010.
 A. S. Al-Chalabi, D. Hawker, "Distribution of vehicular lead in roadsides soils of major roads of Brisbane, Australia”, Water Air Soil Poll., vol. 118, pp. 299-310, 2000.
 C. N. Mbah, M. A. N. Anikwe, "Variation in heavy metal contents on roadside soils along a major express way in south east Nigeria”, New York Sci. J., vol. 3, pp. 103-107, 2010.
 J. Liang, C. Chen, X. Song, Y. Han, Z. Liang, "A novel analytical method for determination of picogram levels of total mercury in gasoline and other petroleum products”, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., vol. 6, pp. 5314 – 5324, 2011.
 Q. M. Jaradat, K. A. Momani, "Contamination of roadside soil, plants and air with heavy metals in Jordan: A comparative study”, Turk J. Chem., vol. 23, pp. 209-220, 1999.
 E. Corfa, F. Maury, P. Segers, A. Fresneau, A. Albergel, "Short-range evaluation of air pollution near bus and railway stations”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 334-335, pp. 223-230, 2004.
 X. D. Li, C. S. Poon, S. L. Pui, "Heavy metal contamination of urban soils and street dusts in Hong Kong”, App. Geochem., vol. 16, pp. 1361-1368, 2001.
 J. V. Lagerwerff, A. W. Specht, "Contamination of roadside soil and vegetation with Cadmium, Nickel, Lead and Zinc”, Environ. Sci. Tech., vo. 4, pp. 583-586, 1970.
 T. Watanable, W. R. Kusamran, M. Asanoma, A. Teqsuwan, N. Tantasri, N. Meesiripan, T. Hasei, T. Murahashi, T. Hirayama, K. Wakabayashi, "Mutagenicity of surface soils in urban areas of Aichi Prefecture, Japan and Bangkok, Thailand”, Int. J. Health Sci., vol. 51, pp. 645-657, 2005.
 P. T. J. Scheepers, M. H. J. Marthens, D. D. Velders, P. Fijneman, M. V. Kerkhoven, J. Noordhoek, R. P. Bos, "1-Nitropyrene as a marker for the mutagenicity of diesel exhaust-derived airborne particulate matter in workplace atmospheres”, Environ. Mol. Mut., vol. 25, pp. 134-147, 1995.
 A. O. Mokokha, L. R. Mghweno, H. S. Magoha, A. Nakajugo, J. M. Wekesa, "Environmental lead pollution and contamination in food around Lake Victoria, Kisumu, Kenya”, African J. Environ. Sci. Tech., vol. 2, pp. 342–348, 2008.
 S. Sharma, F. M. Prasad, "Accumulation of Lead and cadmium in soil and vegetable crops along Major Highways in Agra (India)”, E-J. Chem., vol. 7, pp. 1174-1183, 2010.
 S. J. S. Flora, "Lead exposure: Health effects, prevention and treatment”, J. Environ. Bio., vol. 23, pp. 25–41, 2002.
 K. S. Sajwan, W. H. Ornes, T. V. Youngblood, A. K. Alva, "Uptake of soil applied cadmium, nickel and selenium by bush beans”, Water Air Soil Poll., vol. 91, pp. 209-217, 1996.
 K. S. Pande, S. O. Sharma, "Distribution of organic matter and toxic metals in sediments of Ramganga River at Moradabad”, Poll. Res., vol. 18, pp. 43-47, 1999.
 G. F. Nordberg, "Cadmium and human health: A perspective based on recent studies in China”, BioMetals., vol. 17, pp. 485–489, 2004.
 N. I. Ward, "Lead contamination of the London orbital (M25) motorway (since its opening in 1986)”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 93, pp. 277–283, 1990.
 M. H. Z. Choudhary, D. A. Tanisley, J. Daltan, "Comparison of extractants for toxic metals in dust causing environmental pollution and their analysis in close and open system”, J. Chem. Society Pakistan., vol. 20, pp. 251–253, 1998.
 A. Carlosena, J. M. Andrade, D. Prada, "Searching for heavy metals grouping roadside soils as a function of motorized traffic influence”, Talanta, vol. 47, pp. 753–767, 1998.
 J. K. Nduka, O. E. Orisakwe, "Assessment of Environmental Distribution of Lead in Some Municipalities of South-Eastern Nigeria” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 7, pp. 2501-2513, 2010.
 S. A. Mashi, S. A. Yaro, K. M. Galadanci, "Lead accumulation in surface soils and components of balenites aegyptica specie in a Katsina Urban Area, Nigeria”, Biomed. Environ. Sci., vol. 18, pp. 15-20, 2005.
 H. Pirzada, S. S. Ahmad, A. Rashid, T. Shah, "Multivariate analysis of selected roadside plants (Dalbergia sissoo and Cannabis sativa) for lead pollution monitoring” Pakistan J. Bot., vol. 41, pp. 1729-1736, 2009.
 L. Liang, M. Horvat, P. Danilchik, "A novel analytical method for determination of picogram levels of total mercury in gasoline and other petroleum products”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 187, pp. 57–64, 1996.
 R. Leygonie, "Heavy metal in the atmosphere Sources, emissions, measurement, effects”, Poll. Atmospherique, vol. 35, pp. 63–74, 1993.
 N. Pirrone, P. Costa, J. M. Pacyna, "Past, current and projected atmospheric emissions of trace elements in the Mediterranean region”, Water Sci. Tech., vol. 39, pp. 1–7, 1999.
 J. O. Odiyo, H. M. Bapela, R. Mugwedi, L. Chimuka, "Metals in environmental media: a study of trace and platinum group metals in Thohoyandou, south Africa”, Water SA., vol. 31, pp. 581-588, 2005.
 A. M. Massadeh, M. Tahat, Q. M. Jaradat, I. F. Al-Momani, "Lead and cadmium contamination in roadside soils in Irbid City, Jordan: a case study”, Soil Sedi. Contamin., vol. 13, pp. 347–359, 2004.
 G. Shi, Z. Chen, S. Xu, J. Zhang, L. Wang, C. Bi, J. Teng, "Potentially toxic metal contamination of urban soils and roadside dust in Shanghai, China”, Environ. Poll., vol. 156, pp. 251-260, 2008.
 C. P. R. Morcelli, A. M. G. Figueiredo, J. E. S. Sarkis, J. Enzweiler, M. Kakazu, J. B. Sigolo, "PGEs and other traffic-related elements in roadside soils from Sao Paulo, Brazil”, Sci. Total Environ., vol. 345, pp. 81– 91, 2005.
 M. L. Haal, P. Surje, H. Rouk, "Traffic as a source of pollution”, Estonian J. Engg., vol. 14, pp. 65-82, 2008.
 M. Hamurcu, M. M. Ozca, N. Dursun, S. Gezgin, "Mineral and heavy metal levels of some fruits grown at the roadsides”, Food Chem. Toxicol., vol. 48, pp. 1767-1770, 2010.
 S. Malkoc, B. Yazici, A. S. Koparal, "Assessment of the levels of heavy metal pollution in roadside soils of Eskisehir, Turkey”, Environ. Toxicol. Chemi., vol. 29, pp. 2720–2725, 2010.
 S. Bakirdere, M. Yaman, "Determination of lead, cadmium and copper in roadside soil and plants in Elazig, Turkey”, Environ. Monit. Assess., vol. 136, pp. 401–410, 2008.
 I. Grigalaviciene, V. Rutkoviene, V. Marozas, "The Accumulation of Heavy Metals Pb, Cu and Cd at Roadside Forest Soil”, Pol. J. Environ. Studies, vol. 14, pp. 109-115, 2005.
 K. B. Mmolawa, A. S. Likuku, G. K. Gaboutloeloe, "Assessment of heavy metal pollution in soils along major roadside areas in Botswana”, African J. Environ. Sci. Tech., vol. 5, pp. 186-196, 2011.
 A. Christoforidis, N. Stamatis, "Heavy metal contamination in street dust and roadside soil along the major national road in Kavala's region, Greece”, Geoderma, vol. 151, pp. 257-263, 2009.
 K. H. Kim, S. K. Pandey, H. T. Nguyen, S. Y. Chung, S. J. Cho, M. Y. Kim, J. M. Oh, Y. Sunwoo, "Long-term behavior of particulate matters at urban roadside and background locations in Seoul, Korea”, Transport. Res. Part D, vol. 15, pp. 68–174, 2010.
 P. C. Onianwa, "Roadside Topsoil Concentrations of Lead and Other Heavy Metals in Ibadan, Nigeria”, Soil Sed. Contamin., vol. 10, pp. 577-591, 2001.
 S. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. Rehman, "Lead and Cadmium Contamination of Different Roadside Soils and Plants in Peshawar City, Pakistan”, Pedosphere, vol. 21, pp. 351–357, 2011.
 Y. Faiz, M. Tufail, M. T. Javed, M. M. Chaudhry, Naila-Siddique, "Road dust pollution of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn along Islamabad Expressway, Pakistan”, Microchem. J., vol. 92, pp. 86–192, 2009.
 J. Aslam, S. A. Khan, S. H. Khan, "Heavy metals contamination in roadside soil near different traffic signals in Dubai, United Arab Emirates”, J. Saudi Chem. Society, vol. 17, pp. 315-319, 2013.
 M. I. Yahaya, G. C. Ezeh, Y. F. Musa, S. Y. Mohammad, "Analysis of heavy metals concentration in road sides soil in Yauri, Nigeria”, African J. Pure App. Chem., vol. 4, pp. 22-30, 2010.
 X. S. Wang, "Antimony in urban roadside surface soils: concentration, source and mode of occurrence”, The Open Environ. Poll. Toxicol. J.,vol. 1, pp. 89-92, 2009.
 M. J. Cal-Prieto, A. Carlosena, J. M. Andrade, "Antimony as a tracer of the anthropogenic influence on soils and estuarine sediments”, Water Air Soil Poll., vol. 129, pp. 333-348, 2001.
 M. A. Addo, E. O. Darko, C. Ordon, B. J. B. Nyarko, J. K. Gbadago, "Heavy metal concentrations in road deposited dust at Ketu-south district, Ghana”, Int. J. Sci. Tech., vol. 2, pp. 28-39, 2012.
 H. M. Naser, S. Sultana, R. Gomes, S. Noor, "Heavy metal pollution of soil and vegetable grown near roadside at Gazipur”, Bangladesh J. Agri. Res., vol. 37, pp. 9-17, 2012.
 S. N. Masoudi, M. G. Sepanlou, M. A. Bahmanyar, "Distribution of lead, cadmium, copper and zinc in roadside soil of Sari-Ghaemshahr road, Iran”, African J. Agri. Res., vol. 7, pp. 98-204, 2012.
 F. Zhang, X. Yan, C. Zeng, M. Zhang, S. Shrestha, L. P. Devkota, T. Yao, "Influence of Traffic Activity on Heavy Metal Concentrations of Roadside Farmland Soil in Mountainous Areas”, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 9, pp. 1715-1731, 2012.
 S. Liu, X. Xia, L. Yang, M. Shen, R. Liu, "Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban soils of different land uses in Beijing, China: Distribution, sources and their correlation with the city’s urbanization history”, J. Hazar. Mat., vol. 177, pp. 1085–1092, 2010.
 V. Kumar, N. C. Kothiyal, "Distribution behavior of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in roadside soil at traffic intercepts within developing cities”, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., vol. 8, pp. 63-72, 2011.
 K. Bhupander, G. Gargi, G. Richa, P. Dev, K. Sanjay, S. C. Shekhar, "Distribution, Composition Profiles and Source Identification of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Roadside Soil of Delhi, India”, J. Environ. Earth Sci., vol. 2, pp. 10-22, 2012.
 T. F. Hiemstra, C. O. C. Bellamy, J. H. Hughes, "Coal tar creosote abuse by vapour inhalation presenting with renal impairment and neurotoxicity: A case report”, J. Med. Case Reports, vol. 1, pp. 102, 2007.
 K. T. J. Besteri, R. D. Robinson, K. R. Solomon, T. S. Steele, K. E. Day, P. K. Sibley, "Distribution and composition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons within experimental microcosms treated with liquid creosote”, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., vol. 17, pp. 2359-2368, 1998.
 K. M. Lehto, H. Lemmetyinen, J. Puhakka, "Biodegradation of photoirradiated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon constituents of creosote oil”, Environ. Techn., vol. 21, pp. 901-907, 2000.
 W. Wang, S. L. M. Smanich, M. Xue, J. Zhao, N. Zhang, R. Wang, J. Cao, S. Tao, "Concentrations, sources and spatial distribution of Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils of Beijing, Tianjin and Surrounding areas, North china”, Environ. Poll, vol. 158, pp. 1245–1251, 2010.
 M. A. Hassanien, N. M. Abdel-Latif, "Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in road dust over Greater Cairo, Egypt”, J. Hazar. Mat., vol. 151, pp. 247–254, 2007.
 O. Odeyemi, O. A. Oguseitan, "Petroleum industry and its pollution in Nigeria”, Oil Petrochem. Poll., vol. 2, pp. 223-232, 1985.
 Z. Guo, T. Lin, G. Zhang, L. Hu, M. Zheng, "Occurrence and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and n-alkanes in PM2.5 in the roadside environment of a major city in China”, J. Hazar. Mat., vol. 170, pp. 888–894, 2009.
 S. Ray, P. S. Khillare, T. Agarwal, V. Shridhar, "Assessment of PAHs in soil around the International Airport in Delhi, India”, J. Hazar. Mat., vol. 156, pp. 9–16, 2008.
 D. K. Essumang, K. Kowalski, E. G. Sogaard, "Levels, distribution and source characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in topsoils and roadside soils in Esbjerg, Denmark”, Bull. Environ. Contamin. Toxicol., vol. 86, pp. 438–443, 2011.
 R. Ortiz, S. Vega, R. Gutierrez, R. Gibson, B. Schettino, M. D. L. Ramirez, "Presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in top soils from rural terrains in Mexico city”, Environ. Contamin. Toxicol., vol. 88, pp. 428–432, 2012.