Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 31237


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10011954
Income Inequality and the Poverty of Youth in the Douala Metropolis of Cameroon
Abstract:
More and more youth are doubtful of making a satisfactory labour market transition because of the present global economic instability and this is more so in Africa of the Sahara and metropolis like Douala. We use the explanatory sequential mixed method: in the first phase we randomly administered 610 questionnaires in the Douala metropolis respecting the population size of each division and its gender composition. We constructed the questionnaire using the desired values for living a comfortable life in Douala. In the second phase, we purposefully selected and interviewed 50 poor youth in order to explain in detail the initial quantitative results. We obtain the following result: The modal income class is 24,000-74,000 frs Central Africa Franc (CFA) and about 67% of the youth of the Douala metropolis earn below 75,000 frs CFA. They earn only 31.02% of the total income. About 85.7% earn below 126,000 frs CFA and about 92.14% earn below 177,000 frs CFA. The poverty-line is estimated at 177,000 frs CFA per month based on the desired predominant values in Douala and only about 9% of youth earn this sum, therefore, 91% of the youth are poor. We discovered that the salary a youth earns influences his level of poverty. Low income earners eat once or twice per day, rent low-standard houses of below 20,000 frs, are dependent and possess very limited durable goods, consult traditional doctors when they are sick, sleep and gamble during their leisure time. Intermediate income earners feed themselves either twice or thrice per day, eat healthy meals weekly, possess more durable goods, are independent, gamble and drink during their leisure time. High income earners feed themselves at least thrice per day, eat healthy food daily, inhabit high quality and expensive houses, are more stable by living longer in their neighbourhoods, like travelling and drinking during their leisure time. Unsalaried youth, are students, housewives or unemployed youth, they eat four times per day, take healthy meals daily, weekly, fortnightly or occasionally, are dependent or homeless depending on whether they are students or unemployed youth. The situation of the youth can be ameliorated through investing in the productive sector and promoting entrepreneurship as well as formalizing the informal sector.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

References:

[1] Isabel et al When the Global Crisis and Youth Bulge Collide. Double the Jobs Trouble for Youth. Social and Economic Working Paper. UNICEF 2012.
[2] Okojie C. Employment Creation for Youth in Africa: The Gender Dimension. Pauvreté et inégalité des Revenus au Cameroun 2003.
[3] Phogole, M. Issues of Increasing Levels of Poverty and Hunger in Africa with Specific Reference to South Africa in Policy Brief in Africa Institute of South Africa 2010 (No 8)
[4] OECD Data on Income Inequality and Poverty. OECD Income Distribution Database (2016).
[5] Karagiannaki Eleni, Understanding the links between Inequalities and Poverty (LIP), The Empirical Relationship between Income Poverty and Income Inequality in Rich and Middle Income Countries. The London School of Economics and Political Science 2017. Case paper 206/LIPpaper3 ISSN1460-5023
[6] Naschold, F. “Why Inequality Matters for Poverty” Inequality Briefing: 2002. Briefing paper number 2 (2 of 3)
[7] Foster, et al (2003). Accounting for Poverty in Infrastructure Reform. The Work Bank: Washington DC.
[8] Cornia, G. A. ‘The impact of liberalization and globalization on income inequality in developing and transitional economies’, 2004 Working Paper No. 14, Policy Integration Department,
[9] Holborn and Haralambos, M. Sociology, Themes and Perspectives Hammersmith London: Harper 1991
[10] Creswell, J. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches 4th Edition. Los Angeles: Sage Publication Ltd 2014.
[11] ILO. Global Employment Trends 2011 Geneva 2012
[12] Aerts, J. J., Denis, C., Javier, H., Guy de Monchy, and Francois, R. L’Economie Camerounise un Espoir Evanoui. Boulevard Arago: Edition KARTHALA 2002.
[13] Nanche R. (2007). Urban Poverty in Cameroon. The Case of Douala. (Diplôme D’Etude Approfondies (DEA) Thesis): University of Douala 2007.
[14] Nanche R. (Income inequality, poverty and economic reforms in Douala-Cameroon’, in Poverty, Global Perspective, Challenges and Issues of the 21st Century, Nova Publisher, USA 2016.
[15] Sommers, M. Urbanisation, War, and Africa’s Youth at Risk. Towards Understanding and Addressing Future Challenges. BEPS, Washington, DC 2003.
[16] Leung, C., Eric, D., Paul, J. C., Eduardo, V., Eric, R. and Walter, C. W. Dietary intake and Dietry Quality of Low- income Adults in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programme. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012
[17] The Ethiopian Government. The Cost of Hunger in Africa: Implications for growth and Transformation of Ethiopia. Social and Economic Impacts of Child Under nutrition in Ethiopia 2015
[18] FAO. ‘The State of Food and Agriculture 1996’, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome 1996.
[19] Diaz, S. G. Income and Diet in You are what You Eat 2012
[21] Oxfam. Hidden Hunger in South Africa The Faces of Hunger and Malnutrition in a Food Secured Nation. Grow Food. Life. Planet 2014
[20] Oxfam (2014). Hidden Hunger in South Africa The Faces of Hunger and Malnutrition in a Food Secured Nation. Grow Food. Life. Planet
[21] Montgomery, M., and Paul H. Urban Poverty and Health in Developing Countries: Household and Neighbourhood Effects. New York: Andrew Mello and Hewett Foundation 2004.
[22] Montgomery, M. “Urban Poverty and Health in Developing Countries” Population Bulletin, Population Reference Bureau 2009 volume 64(2)
Vol:15 No:05 2021Vol:15 No:04 2021Vol:15 No:03 2021Vol:15 No:02 2021Vol:15 No:01 2021
Vol:14 No:12 2020Vol:14 No:11 2020Vol:14 No:10 2020Vol:14 No:09 2020Vol:14 No:08 2020Vol:14 No:07 2020Vol:14 No:06 2020Vol:14 No:05 2020Vol:14 No:04 2020Vol:14 No:03 2020Vol:14 No:02 2020Vol:14 No:01 2020
Vol:13 No:12 2019Vol:13 No:11 2019Vol:13 No:10 2019Vol:13 No:09 2019Vol:13 No:08 2019Vol:13 No:07 2019Vol:13 No:06 2019Vol:13 No:05 2019Vol:13 No:04 2019Vol:13 No:03 2019Vol:13 No:02 2019Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007