Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 31107

Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
Influence of Surfactant on Supercooling Degree of Aqueous Titania Nanofluids in Energy Storage Systems
Considering the demand to reduce global warming potential and importance of solidification in various applications, there is an increasing interest in energy storage systems to find the efficient phase change materials. Therefore, this paper presents an experimental study and comparison on the potential of titania nanofluids with and without surfactant for cooling energy storage systems. A designed cooling generation device based on compression refrigeration cycle is used to explore nanofluids solidification characteristics. In this work, titania nanoparticles of 0.01, 0.02 and 0.04 wt.% are dispersed in deionized water as base fluid. Measurement of phase change parameters of nanofluids illustrates that the addition of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as surfactant to titania nanofluids advances the onset nucleation time and leads to lower solidification time. Also, the experimental results show that only adding 0.02 wt.% titania nanoparticles, especially in the case of nanofluids with a surfactant, can evidently reduce the supercooling degree by nearly 70%. Hence, it is concluded that there is a great energy saving potential in the energy storage systems using titania nanofluid with PVP.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


[1] L. W. Fan, X. L. Yao, X. Wang, Y. Y. Wu, X. L. Liu, X. Xu, and Z. T. Yu, “Non-isothermal crystallization of aqueous nanofluids with high aspect-ratio carbon nano-additives for cold thermal energy storage,” Applied Energy vol. 138, pp. 193–201, 2015.
[2] Y. Liu, X. Li, P. Hu, and G. A. Hu, “Study on the supercooling degree and nucleation behavior of water-based graphene oxide nanofluids PCM,” International Journal of Refrigeration, vol. 50, pp. 80-86, 2015.
[3] V. Kumaresan, P. Chandrasekaran, M. Nanda, A. K. Maini, and R. Velraj, “Role of PCM based nanofluids for energy efficient cool thermal storage system,” International Journal of Refrigeration, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1641-1647, 2013.
[4] H. Zohoor and Z. M. Moosavi, “Increase in solar thermal energy storage by using a hybrid energy storage system,” WASET International Journal of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 403-408, 2008.
[5] Y. Zeng, L. W. Fan, Y. Q. Xiao, Z. T. Yu, and K. F. Cen, "An experimental investigation of melting of nanoparticle-enhanced phase change materials (NePCMs) in a bottom-heated vertical cylindrical cavity," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 66, pp. 111-117, 2013.
[6] H. Aslani and M. Moghiman, "Experimental study on the effect of zirconia nanoparticles on solidification heat transfer characteristics: A comparison with titania nanoparticles," International Journal of Refrigeration, vol. 89, pp. 40-50, 2018.
[7] S. Harikrishnan, M. Deenadhayalan, and S. Kalaiselvam, "Experimental investigation of solidification and melting characteristics of composite PCMs for building heating application," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 86, pp. 864 -872, 2014.
[8] P. Chandrasekaran, M. Cheralathan, V. Kumaresan, and R. Velraj, “Enhanced heat transfer characteristics of water based copper oxide nanofluid PCM (phase change material) in a spherical capsule during solidification for energy efficient cool thermal storage system,” Energy, vol. 72, pp. 636-642, 2014.
[9] T. P. Teng, “Thermal conductivity and phase change properties of aqueous alumina nanofluid,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 67, pp. 369 -375, 2013.
[10] Sh. Wu, D. Zhu, X. Li, H. Li, and J. Lei, “Thermal energy storage behavior of Al2O3-H2O nanofluids,” Thermochim Acta, vol. 483, no. 1, pp. 73- 77, 2009.
[11] A. A. Altohamy, M.F. Abd Rabbo, R. Y. Sakr, and A. A. Attia, “Effect of water based Al2O3 nanoparticle PCM on cool storage performance,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 84, pp. 331-338, 2015.
[12] S. Mo, Y. Chen, Z. h. Cheng, L. Jia, X. Luo, X. Shao, X. Yuan, and G. Lin, “Effects of nanoparticles and sample containers on crystallization supercooling degree of nanofluids,” Thermochim Acta, vol. 605 pp. 1–7, 2015.
[13] M. Moghiman and B. H. Aslani, “Influence of nanoparticles on reducing and enhancing evaporation mass transfer and its efficiency,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 61, pp. 114-118, 2013.
[14] US Research Nanomaterials, Inc., USA,; 2018 (accessed 13 March 2018).
[15] W. H. Azmi, K.V. Sharma, R. Mamat, G. Najafi, and M. S. Mohamad, “The enhancement of effective thermal conductivity and effective dynamic viscosity of nanofluids – A review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 53, pp. 1046–1058, 2016.
Vol:15 No:03 2021Vol:15 No:02 2021Vol:15 No:01 2021
Vol:14 No:12 2020Vol:14 No:11 2020Vol:14 No:10 2020Vol:14 No:09 2020Vol:14 No:08 2020Vol:14 No:07 2020Vol:14 No:06 2020Vol:14 No:05 2020Vol:14 No:04 2020Vol:14 No:03 2020Vol:14 No:02 2020Vol:14 No:01 2020
Vol:13 No:12 2019Vol:13 No:11 2019Vol:13 No:10 2019Vol:13 No:09 2019Vol:13 No:08 2019Vol:13 No:07 2019Vol:13 No:06 2019Vol:13 No:05 2019Vol:13 No:04 2019Vol:13 No:03 2019Vol:13 No:02 2019Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007