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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 31198


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10011631
Judicial Review of Indonesia's Position as the First Archipelagic State to implement the Traffic Separation Scheme to Establish Maritime Safety and Security
Abstract:
Indonesia has several straits that are very important as a shipping lane, including the Sunda Strait and the Lombok Strait, which are the part of the Indonesian Archipelagic Sea Lane (IASL). An increase in traffic on the Marine Archipelago makes the task of monitoring sea routes increasingly difficult. Indonesia has proposed the establishment of a Traffic Separation Scheme (TSS) in the Sunda Strait and the Lombok Strait and the country now has the right to be able to conceptualize the TSS as well as the obligation to regulate it. Indonesia has the right to maintain national safety and sovereignty. In setting the TSS, Indonesia needs to issue national regulations that are in accordance with international law and the general provisions of the IMO (International Maritime Organization) can then be used as guidelines for maritime safety and security in the Sunda Strait and the Lombok Strait. The research method used is a qualitative method with the concept of linguistic and visual data collection. The source of the data is the analysis of documents and regulations. The results show that the determination of TSS was justified by International Law, in accordance with article 22, article 41, and article 53 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982. The determination of TSS by the Indonesian government would be in accordance with COLREG (International Convention on Preventing Collisions at Sea) 10, which has been designed to follow IASL. Thus, TSS can provide a function as a safety and monitoring medium to minimize ship accidents or collisions, including the warship and aircraft of other countries that cross the IASL.
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References:

[1] Marsetio, Indonesia Sea Power, Jakarta: Indonesian Defense University. 2014.
[2] Sitohang, perbatasan Wilayah Laut Indonesia di Laut China Selatan: Kepentingan Indonesia di Perairan Natuna, Jakarta: LIPI Press. 2008.
[3] M. H. Rusli, “Maritime Highways of Southeast Asia: Alternative Straits?,” RSIS Comment., no. 024, 2012.
[4] Lloyd's Register Rulefinder, 2005a. COLREGS - International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972, Rule 10, Traffic Separation Scheme.
[5] International Maritime Organization (IMO), Guidance Note on the Preparation of Proposals on Ships’ Routeing Systems and Ship Reporting Systems for Submission to the Sub-Committee on Safety of Navigation. 2003.
[6] Admin, “Indonesia Ajukan Penetapan Traffic Separation Scheme (TSS) Selat Lombok Dan Selat Sunda Ke IMO,” Hubla.dephub.go.id, 2018. (Online). Available: http://hubla.dephub.go.id/berita/Pages/indonesia-ajukan-penetapan-traffic-separation-scheme-(tss)-selat-lombok-dan-selat-sunda-ke-imo-.aspx. (Accessed: 11 December-2019).
[7] Direktorat Jenderal Perhubungan Laut. 2019. Info Maritim; Indonesia, Negara Pertama di Dunia Miliki Bagan Pemisahan Alur Pelayaran. Media Internal: Jakarta.
[8] Kresno Buntoro, “Burden Sharing: An Alternative Solution in order to Secure Choke Points within Indonesia Waters,” Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs 13, 2009, pp.122.
[9] Kresno Buntoro, Lintas Navigasi di Nusantara Indonesia, Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo Persada, 2014.
[10] United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982. (Online). Available: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/United _Nations_Convention_on_the_Law_of_the_Sea/Part_III. (Accessed: 12 December-2020 (Accessed).
[11] Admin, “Sekilas Sistem Navigasi dan Pelaporan di TSS Selat Sunda dan Lombok” https://jurnamaritim.com, 2020. (Online). Available https://jurnalmaritim.com/sekilas-sistem-navigasi-dan-pelaporan-di-tss-selat-sunda-dan-selat-lombok/. (Accessed: 21 July 2020).
[12] Retno Safitri, “IMO Setujui Bagan Pemisahan Alur Laut Selat Sunda dan Selat Lombok” maritimenews.id, 2019. (Online). Available: https://maritimenews.id/imo-setujui-bagan-pemisahan-alur-laut-selat-sunda-dan-selat-lombok/ (Accessed: 11 December-2019).
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