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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 31107

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Low Nonlinear Effects Index-Guiding Nanostructured Photonic Crystal Fiber
Photonic Crystal Fibers (PCFs) can be used in optical communications as transmission lines. For this reason, the PCFs with low confinement loss, low chromatic dispersion, and low nonlinear effects are highly suitable transmission media. In this paper, we introduce a new design of index-guiding nanostructured photonic crystal fiber (IG-NPCF) with ultra-low chromatic dispersion, low nonlinearity effects, and low confinement loss. Relatively low dispersion is achieved in the wavelength range of 1200 to 1600nm using the proposed design. According to the new structure of nanostructured PCF presented in this study, the chromatic dispersion slope is -30(ps/km.nm) and the confinement loss reaches below 10-7 dB/km. While in the wavelength range mentioned above at the same time an effective area of more than 50.2μm2 is obtained.
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[1] K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Hasegawa, and E. Sasaoka, “Chromatic dispersion control in photonic crystal fibers: application to ultraflattened dispersion”, Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 8, 2003, pp. 843- 852.
[2] N. H. Hai, Y. Namihiray, S. F. Kaijage, T. Kinjo, F. Begum, S. M. A. Razzak, and N. Zou, “Multiple defect-core hexagonal photonic crystal fiber with flattened dispersion an polarizationmaintaining properties,” Opt. Review, 2008, Vol. 15, PP. 31-37.
[3] K. P. Hansen, “Dispersion flattened hybrid-core nonlinear photoniccrystal fiber,” Opt. Express, 2003, Vol. 11, PP. 1503-1509.
[4] S. M. Nejad and N. Ehteshami, “Novel Design to Compensate Dispersion for Index-Guiding PhotonicCrystal Fiber with Defected Core,” 2nd International Conference on Mechanical and Electronics Engineering, IEEE, 2010, Volume 2.PP. 417-421.
[5] S. Olyaee and F. Taghipour, “A new design of photonic crystal fiberwith ultra-flattened dispersion to simultaneously minimize thedispersion and confinement loss,” Journal of Physics:Conference Series, 2010, Vol. 276.
[6] S. Olyaee, F. Taghipour, “Design of new square-lattice photonic crystal fibers for optical communication applications”, Int. J. Phys. Sci, 2011, PP. 4405–4411.
[7] S. M. A. Razzak, M. A. G. Khan, Y. Namihira and M. Y. Hussain ‘Optimum design of a dispersion managed photonic crystal fiber for nonlinear optics applications in telecom systems’. Fifth Int. Conf.Electrical and Computer Engineering ICECE 2008, Bangladesh, IEEE, 2008.
[8] S. Olyaee and F. Taghipour, “Ultra-flattened dispersion hexagonal photonic crystal fiber with low confinement loss and large effective area”, IET Optoelectronics, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 82-87, 2012.
[9] K. P. Hansen, “Dispersion flattened hybrid-core nonlinear photoniccrystal fiber,” Opt. Express, 2003, Vol. 11, PP. 1503-1509.
[10] S. Olyaee, F. Taghipour, and M. Izadpanah, “Nearly zero-dispersion, low confinement loss, and small effective mode area index-guiding PCF at 1550nm wavelength”, Frontiers of Optoelectronics in China, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 420-425, 2011.
[11] A. Naraghi, S. Olyaee, A. Najibi, and E. Leitgeb, “Photonic crystal fiber gas sensor for using in optical network protection systems”, 18th European Conference on Network and Optical Communications and 8th Conference on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure, Graz, Austria, 10-12 July 2013.
[12] S. Olyaee and F. Taghipour, “Ultra-flattened dispersion photonic crystal fiber with low confinement loss”, 11th International Conference on Telecommunications, ConTEL, Graz University of Technology, Austria, pp. 531-534, 15-17 June 2011.
[13] W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, and P. J. Roberts,“Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystalfibers,” Opt. Express, 2002, Vol. 10, PP. 609-613.
[14] M. Chen, S. Xie, ‘New nonlinear and dispersion flattened photonic crystal fiber with low confinement loss’, Opt. Commun. 281, 2008, PP. 2073–2076.
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