Multiple Approaches for Ultrasonic Cavitation Monitoring of Oxygen-Loaded Nanodroplets
Ultrasound (US) is widely used in medical field for
a variety diagnostic techniques but, in recent years, it has also
been creating great interest for therapeutic aims. Regarding drug
delivery, the use of US as an activation source provides better
spatial delivery confinement and limits the undesired side effects.
However, at present there is no complete characterization
at a fundamental level of the different signals produced by
sono-activated nanocarriers. Therefore, the aim of this study
is to obtain a metrological characterization of the cavitation
phenomena induced by US through three parallel investigation
approaches. US was focused into a channel of a customized
phantom in which a solution with oxygen-loaded nanodroplets
(OLNDs) was led to flow and the cavitation activity was
monitored. Both quantitative and qualitative real-time analysis
were performed giving information about the dynamics of
bubble formation, oscillation and final implosion with respect
to the working acoustic pressure and the type of nanodroplets,
compared with pure water. From this analysis a possible
interpretation of the observed results is proposed.
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