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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 31181

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Reinforced Concrete, Problems and Solutions: A Literature Review
Reinforced concrete is a concrete lined with steel so that the materials work together in the resistance forces. Reinforcement rods or mesh are used for tensile, shear, and sometimes intense pressure in a concrete structure. Reinforced concrete is subject to many natural problems or industrial errors. The result of these problems is that it reduces the efficiency of the reinforced concrete or its usefulness. Some of these problems are cracks, earthquakes, high temperatures or fires, as well as corrosion of reinforced iron inside reinforced concrete. There are also factors of ancient buildings or monuments that require some techniques to preserve them. This research presents some general information about reinforced concrete, the pros and cons of reinforced concrete, and then presents a series of literary studies of some of the late published researches on the subject of reinforced concrete and how to preserve it, propose solutions or treatments for the treatment of reinforced concrete problems, raise efficiency and quality for a longer period. These studies have provided advanced and modern methods and techniques in the field of reinforced concrete.
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[3] D. Gardner, R. Lark, T. Jefferson, R. Davies, “A survey on problems encountered in current concrete construction and the potential benefits of self-healing cementitious materials”, Case Studies in Construction Materials, Vol. 8, pp: 238–247, 2018.
[4] L. Bertolini, “Steel Corrosion and Service Life of Reinforced Concrete Structures.” Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, Vol. 4(2), pp. 123–137, 2008
[5] M. Yunovich, N. G. Yunovich, T. Balvanyos, L. Lave, “Corrosion Cost and Preventive Strategies in the United States - Appendix D: Highway Bridges.” Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-RD-01-157, 2001.
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[7] J. Blunt, G. Jen, C.P. Ostertag, “Enhancing corrosion resistance of reinforced concrete structures with hybrid fiber reinforced concrete”, Corrosion Science, Vol. 92, pp:182–191, 2015.
[8] C. Fang, K. Lundgren, L. Chen, Ch. Zhu, “Corrosion influence on bond in reinforced concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 34, pp: 2159–2167, 2004.
[9] V. Marcos-Meson, A. Michel, A. Solgaard, G. Fischer, C. Edvardsen, T. L. Skovhus, “Corrosion resistance of steel fibre reinforced concrete - A literature review”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 103, pp:1-20, 2018.
[10] S. Ahmad, A. Elahi, S.A. Barbhuiya, Y. Farid. “Use of polymer modified mortar in controlling cracks in reinforced concrete beams”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 27, pp: 91–96, 2012.
[11] S. Taghavipour, S. Kharkovsky, W-H. Kang, B. Samali, O. Mirza, “Detection and monitoring of flexural cracks in reinforced concrete beams using mounted smart aggregate transducers”, Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 26, (7pp), 2017.
[12] X. Zhao, Y. Wu, A. Y. Leung, H. F. Lam, “Plastic Hinge Length in Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 14, pp:1266 -1274, 2011.
[13] A. Ismail, “Nonlinear static analysis of a retrofitted reinforced concrete building”, Housing and Building National Research Center, Vol. 10, pp: 100-107, 2014.
[14] O. Ozcan, B. Binici, G. Ozcebe, “Improving Seismic Performance of Deficient Reinforced Concrete Columns Using Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymers”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 30, pp: 1632-1646, 2008.
[15] M. Zeinoddinia, A. Dabiria, “Seismic Analytical Model for Retrofitted Old Reinforced Concrete Structures”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 54, pp: 188 -206, 2013.
[16] L. Di Sarno, G. Manfredi, “Seismic strengthening with buckling restrained braces: application to an existing non-ductile RC framed building”, Soil Dynam. Earthq. Eng, 30 (11), pp:1279–1297, 2010.
[17] I. A. Rubaratuka, “Challenges of the Quality of Reinforced Concrete Buildings In Dar es Salaam”, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Vol. 2 (12), pp: 820-827, 2013.
[18] H. Bian, K. Hannawi, M. Takarli, L. Molez, W. Prince, “Effects of thermal damage on physical properties and cracking behavior of ultrahigh-performance”, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 51, pp:10066–10076, 2016.
[19] E. Rudnik, T. Drzymała, “Thermal behavior of polypropylene fiber-reinforced concrete at elevated temperatures”, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 131, pp:1005–1015, 2018.
[20] M. Ozawa, H. Morimoto, “Effects of various fibres on high-temperature spalling in high-performance concrete”. Constr Build Mater. Vol. 71, pp:83-92, 2014.
[21] A.C. Barrera. J. L. Bonet, M. L. Romero, P.F. Miguel, “Experimental tests of slender reinforced concrete columns under combined axial load and lateral force”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 33 (12), pp: 3676-3689, 2011.
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