Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 31239


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10011920
Relevance for Traditional Medicine in South Africa: Experiences of Urban Traditional Healers, Izinyanga
Abstract:
Access to relevant health indicates people’s likelihood of survival, including craft of indigenous healing and its related practitioners- izinyanga. However, the emergence of a dreaded novel corona virus - COVID-19 that has engulfed almost the whole world has necessitated the need to revisit the state of traditional healers in South Africa. This circumstance tended to expose the reality of social settings in various social structures and related policies including the manner coloniality reveal its ugly head when it comes treatment between western and African based therapeutic practices in this country. In attempting to gain a better understanding of such experiences, primary and secondary sources were consulted when collecting data that perusal of various literature in this instance including face-to-face interviews with traditional healers working on the street of Tshwane Municipality in South Africa. Preliminary findings revealed that the emergence of this deadly virus coincided with the moment when the government agenda was focussed on fulfilment of its promise of addressing the past inequity practices, including the transformation of medical sector. This scenario can be witnessed by the manner in which government and related agencies such as health department keeps on undermining indigenous healing practice irrespective of its historical record in terms of healing profession and fighting various diseases before times of father of medicine, Imhotep. Based on these preliminary findings, it is recommended that the government should hasten the incorporation of African knowledge systems especially medicine to offer alternatives and diverse to assess the underutilised indigenous African therapeutic approach and relevant skills that could be useful in combating ailments such as COVID 19. Perhaps, the plural medical systems should be recognized and related policies are formulated to guarantee mutual respect among citizens and the incorporation of healing practices in South African health sector, Africa and in the broader global community.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

References:

[1] N. Mthembu, “Skills, equity and the labour market in post-apartheid South Africa” Saarbrücken: Lambert, 2011.
[2] J. A. Hammersmith, “Converging indigenous and Western knowledge systems: implications for tertiary education” PhD thesis, University of South Africa, Tshwane, 2007.
[3] Mbatha, N, Street, RA, Ngcobo, M & Gqaleni, N. (2012). Sick certificates issued by South African traditional health practitioners: Current legislation, challenges and the way forward. South African Medical Journal, 102:129–131.
[4] Van Rooyen, D, Pretorius, B, N.M. Tembani, and W. Ham, (2015). Allopathic and health practitioners’ collaboration. Curationis, 38(2):1495. Jul 23. DOI: 10.4102/curationis.v38i2.1495.
[5] S. R. Melato, “Traditional healers’ perceptions of the integration of their practices into the South African national health system”, MA dissertation, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2000.
[6] M. Moshabela, T. Zuma and B. Gaede, “Bridging the gap between biomedical and traditional health practitioners in South Africa”, South African health review, Health Systems Trust, Durban, 2016.
[7] A. Nyika, “Ethical and regulatory issues surrounding African traditional medicine in the context of HIV/AIDS”, Developing World Bioethics, Vol.1, pp. 25–34, 2007.
[8] UNAIDS, “Collaboration with traditional healers in HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sub-Saharan Africa: A literature review”, Geneva: UNAIDS, 2000.
[9] G. Lange, “Different types of healers in South Africa”, pp. 18-23, 2018.
[10] T, Zuma, D, Wight, Rochat, T. and Moshabela, M., “Traditional health practitioners’ management of HIV/AIDS in rural South Africa in the era of widespread antiretroviral therapy”. PMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 10, No.1, 2017. DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1352210.
[11] W. Nabudere, “Afrikology, philosophy and wholeness: An epistemology”, Africa Institute of South Africa: Pretoria, 2011.
[12] A. A. Abdullahi, “Trends and challenges of traditional medicine in Africa”. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp.115–123, 2011.
[13] B. Tshehla, “Traditional health practitioners and the authority to issue medical certificates”, South African Medical Journal, Vol. 105, pp.279–280, 2015.
[14] S. Leclerc-Madlala, E. Green and M. Hallin, “Traditional healers and the “Fast-Track” HIV response: Is success possible without them?”, African Journal of AIDS Research, Vol.15, pp.185–193, 2016.
[15] L. J. De Haan, “The livelihood approach: a critical exploration”, Erdkunde, Vol. 66, pp.45-357. 2012.
[16] C. M. Karam and D. Jamal, “A cross-cultural and feminist perspective on CSR in developing countries: Uncovering latent power dynamics”, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol.142, pp.461–477, 2017.
[17] N. Mthembu, ‘Finding our head without losing our feet: Morality of circumcision among the Zulus”. Reach: Wandsbeck, 2015.
[18] N. Mthembu, “Inkolelo yokuphila ungunaphakade e-Alkabulan (Afrika): Umnyombo wesakhiwo sendilinga/iqhugwane/uguqasithandaze”, Iphepha elethulwa kwinkomfa yonyaka i-Decolonisation and Re-Afrikanisation: A Convesation, eNyuvesi yaseNingizimuyeAfrika, eTshwane, eNingizimu Afrika, ukusukela ngomhlaka ka 6 ukuya 8 kuNcwaba 2018.
[19] M. B. Ramose, “But the man does not throw bones”, Alternation, Vol. 18, pp.71–60, 2016.
[20] S. J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni, “Coloniality of power in postcolonial Africa: Myths of decolonization”, Dakar: CODESRIA, 2013.
[21] South Africa. Department of Trade and Industry. (2004). Policy framework for the protection of indigenous traditional knowledge through the intellectual property system and the Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Bill, 2008. Pretoria: South Africa.
[22] M. van Niekerk, A. Dladla, N. Gumbi, L. Monareng and W. Thwala, “Perceptions of the Traditional Health Practitioner’s role in the management of mental health care users and occupation: a pilot study”. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, Volume 44, Number 1, April 2014.
[23] K. E. Flint, “Healing traditions: African medicine, cultural exchange, and competition in South Africa”, Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal, 2008.
[24] S. Leclerc-Madlala, E. Green and M. Hallin, “Traditional healers and the “Fast-Track” HIV response: Is success possible without them?”, African Journal of AIDS Research, Vol.15, pp.185–193, 2016.
[25] T. Ranger, “The invention of tradition revisited: The case of colonial Africa. Occasional Paper. International Development Studies, 2014.
[26] T. P, Morwe, K. Mulaudzi, A. K, Tugli, E. K. Klu, N. J. Ramakuela and P. Matshidze, “Youth, youth culture and socialisation in the present technological era in a rural village of Limpopo Province”, Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 44, pp.1-7, 2015.
[27] South Africa. Department of Health. KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Government. (2010). Minister of Health, Dr Aaron Motsoaledi, wants to circumcise 1 000 boys in KwaZulu-Natal. (O). Available at: http://www.info.gov.za/speech/DynamicAction?pageid= 461&sid=11259&tid=11449 (accessed on 27/03/2017).
[28] A. H. L. Heeren, “Reflections on the politics, intercourse and trade of the ancient nations of Africa”. Oxford: D.A. Taalboys Press, 1832.
[29] M. K. Asante, “The Afrocentric idea”, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987.
[30] F. E. Owusu-Ansah, and G. Mji, “African indigenous knowledge and research”. African Journal of Disability, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp.1–5, 2013.
[31] M. K. Asante, “An Afrocentric manifesto: Toward an African renaissance”, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2007.
[32] I. M. Zulu, “Critical indigenous African education and knowledge”. The Journal of Pan African Studies, 1(3):32–49, 2006.
[33] N. Mthembu, “The scrutiny on revival of circumcision practices in the post-apartheid South Africa: A case study of perceptions of young men based in Durban, Jozini and Hluhluwe communities in KwaZulu-Natal”, University of KwaZulu-Natal, College of Humanities Strategic Research Grant. Wandsbeck: Reach Publishers, 2012.
[34] N. C. Mthembu, “Black African township youth survival strategies in post-apartheid South Africa: A case study of the KwaMashu Township within eThekwini Municipality”. PhD thesis, University of South Africa, Tshwane, 2017.
[35] O. Fimyar, “What is policy? In search of frameworks and definitions for non-Western contexts” Educate, 14(3):6–21, 2014.
[36] S. Y. Stofile, “Factors affecting the implementation of inclusive education Policy: A case study in one province in South Africa”, PhD thesis. University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, 2008.
[37] C. Davies, “Understanding the Policy Process”, in The Critical Practitioner in Social Work and Health Care, edited by Sandy Fraser & Sarah Matthews. London: SAGE: 203-221, 2008.
[38] K. Chareonwongsak, “Balancing theory with practice”, University World News, 50725, May 2018.
[39] N. Mkhize, “The role of science technology and innovation, in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals in South Africa: Challenges & opportunities”, Fourie W. (Eds.) Pretoria: South African SDG Hub: 18-23, 2018.
[40] South Africa, ‘Traditional Health Practitioners Act 22 of 2007, as amended, Government Gazette (39358), no 1052”. Cape Town: Government Printers, 2015.
[41] A. Espinosa and Walker, J. A., “Complexity Approach to Sustainability: Theory and Application”, Singapore: Imperial College Press, 2011.
[42] P. Hendler, “Capital accumulation, social reproduction and social struggle: Rethinking the function of spatial planning and land use”. African Sociological Review, 19(2):3–25, 2015.
[43] S. O. Ouma, “Contemporary Emergent Issues in Decolonization and the Invented Africa”. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 10(8):828-846, 2020. DOI: 10.29322/IJSRP.10.08.2020.p104104.
[44] N. Mthembu, “Indigenous African Knowledge System (IAKS) Ethos: Prospects for a Post-Colonial Curriculum” In N. Mthembu (Eds.), Ethical Research Approaches to Indigenous Knowledge Education. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. pp 127 - 153, 2021.
[45] L. W. Neuman, “Social research methods: Qualitative & quantitative approaches”. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2000.
[46] H. O. Hawi, A search for an alternative Afrocentric Development Theory. A paper presented in CODESRIA’s 11th General Assembly 6 -10 December 2005, Maputo, Mozambique, 2005.
[47] A. Srivastava and S. B. Thomson, “Framework analysis: A qualitative methodology for an applied policy research note”, Journal of Administration and Governance, Vol. 4, pp. 1- 8, 2009.
[48] P. D. Leedy and J.E. Ormrod, “Practical research”. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice-Hall. 2005.
[49] J. W. Creswell, “Qualitative, quantitative and mix method approached”. 4th edition. Thousand Oaks: Sage. 2014.
[50] F. Manchuelle, “The «Régénération of Africa». An Important and Ambiguous Concept in 18th and 19th Century French Thinking about Africa”. In: Cahiers d'études africaines, 36(144): 559-5881996, 1996 .; doi: https://doi.org/10.3406/cea.1996.1854
[51] Statistics South Africa (StatsSA). “Quarterly Labour Force Survey – Q1: 2015. Statistical release”. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa, 2015.
[52] United Nations in South Africa. 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development. (O). Available at: http://www.un.org.za/sdgs/2030-agenda/ (accessed on 15 September 2017), 2015.
[53] E. Chitindingu, G. George, and J. Gow, “A review of the integration of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine into the curriculum of South African medical schools”. BMC Medical Education, Vol. 14,40, 2014.
[54] R. Rotich, E. V. Ilieva and J. Walunywa, ‘The social formation of post-apartheid South Africa”. The Journal of Pan African Studies, 8(9):132–155, 2015.
[55] M. De Roubaix, “The decolonialisation of medicine in South Africa: Threat or opportunity?” South African Medical Journal, February, 106(2):159-161, 2016.
[56] Chemistry (etymology). (O). Available at: https://www.chemeurope.com/en/encyclopedia/Chemistry_%28etymology%29.html (accessed on 10 September 2020).
[57] Lexicon. (O). Available at: https://www.lexico.com/definition/paracelsus (accessed on 24 August 2020).
Vol:15 No:05 2021Vol:15 No:04 2021Vol:15 No:03 2021Vol:15 No:02 2021Vol:15 No:01 2021
Vol:14 No:12 2020Vol:14 No:11 2020Vol:14 No:10 2020Vol:14 No:09 2020Vol:14 No:08 2020Vol:14 No:07 2020Vol:14 No:06 2020Vol:14 No:05 2020Vol:14 No:04 2020Vol:14 No:03 2020Vol:14 No:02 2020Vol:14 No:01 2020
Vol:13 No:12 2019Vol:13 No:11 2019Vol:13 No:10 2019Vol:13 No:09 2019Vol:13 No:08 2019Vol:13 No:07 2019Vol:13 No:06 2019Vol:13 No:05 2019Vol:13 No:04 2019Vol:13 No:03 2019Vol:13 No:02 2019Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007