Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 31100

Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
Review of the Road Crash Data Availability in Iraq
Iraq is a middle income country where the road safety issue is considered one of the leading causes of deaths. To control the road risk issue, the Iraqi Ministry of Planning, General Statistical Organization started to organise a collection system of traffic accidents data with details related to their causes and severity. These data are published as an annual report. In this paper, a review of the available crash data in Iraq will be presented. The available data represent the rate of accidents in aggregated level and classified according to their types, road users’ details, and crash severity, type of vehicles, causes and number of causalities. The review is according to the types of models used in road safety studies and research, and according to the required road safety data in the road constructions tasks. The available data are also compared with the road safety dataset published in the United Kingdom as an example of developed country. It is concluded that the data in Iraq are suitable for descriptive and exploratory models, aggregated level comparison analysis, and evaluation and monitoring the progress of the overall traffic safety performance. However, important traffic safety studies require disaggregated level of data and details related to the factors of the likelihood of traffic crashes. Some studies require spatial geographic details such as the location of the accidents which is essential in ranking the roads according to their level of safety, and name the most dangerous roads in Iraq which requires tactic plan to control this issue. Global Road safety agencies interested in solve this problem in low and middle-income countries have designed road safety assessment methodologies which are basing on the road attributes data only. Therefore, in this research it is recommended to use one of these methodologies.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


[1] WHO: World Health Organization, “Global status report on road safety”, 2015, (accessed Jan 2017).
[2] WHO: World Health Organization, “Global status report on road safety: supporting a decade of action”, 2013, (accessed Dec 2016).
[3] World Health Organization WHO official website, (accessed October 2016).
[4] The World Bank official website, http:// (accessed Oct 2016).
[5] The United Nations official website, https:// (accessed Jan 2017).
[6] WHO: World Health Organisation System, “Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety, 2011-2020”, 2011, (accessed Feb 2017).
[7] United Nations, “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”, Sustainable Development knowledge platform, 2015.
[8] R. McInerney, G. Smith, “Saving lives through investment in safer roads”, International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP). (online). Available from: (Accessed 20 April 2015) (2010).
[9] WERD: Western European Road Directors, “Data Management for Road Administrations Version 2.0. A Best Practice Guide” Sub-Group Road Data, 2003 (accessed May2017).
[10] The Central Statistical Organization Iraq CSO, “Traffic Accidents Statistics for 2015”, The Iraqi Ministry of Planning, Directorate of transport and communication, My 2015.
[11] R. Robinson, “Restructuring, Road institutions, Finance and Management: Volume 1: Concepts and Principles”, University of Birmingham, 2008, p205-222 and p399-422.
[12] N. Candappa, G. Schermers, C. Stefan, R. Elvik, “Data requirements for road network inventory studies and road safety evaluations -Guidelines and specifications Deliverable 3”, Road Research in Europe, July 2011 .
[13] G. Shmueli, “Statistical Science”, Vol. 25, No. 3, 289–310, DOI:10.1214/10-STS330, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2010.
[14] OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Road Safety “Principles and models: Review of Descriptive, Predictive, Risk and Accident Consequence Models” Road Transport Research. Report no. OCDE/CG(97)153. Paris, 1997.
[15] V. Bossche, F. and G. Wets, “Macro models in traffic safety and urbanized areas. Accident Analysis and Prevention”, 33(4):485-498. 2003.
[16] V. Bossche, F., G. Wets, and T. Brijs, “The role of exposure in the analysis of road accidents: a Belgian case-study”. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board (TRB). 1908(1):96-103. 2005.
[17] iRAP: The International Road Assessment Programme , the official website,, 2017 (accessed Jan 2017).
[18] The World Bank. Better and Safer Roads in Iraq will Boost Regional Trade, Save Lives and Promote Citizens Engagement. Washington DC. 2013. Accessed 1 Aug 2016.
[19] M. Maliniak, A. S. Sultan, A. Hassan, S. J. Hussain, O.O. Leidman et al. “Road traffic fatalities in selected governorates of Iraq from 2010 to 2013: prospective surveillance” Conflict and Health 10:2 DOI 10.1186/s13031-016-0070-0, 2016 (accessed Jan 2017).
[20] World Health Organization WHO, “Iraq committed to improving road safety”., 2011. Accessed 1 Aug 2016.
[21] B. T Stewart, R. Lafta, M. Cherewick, S. A E. Al Shatari, A. D. Flaxman, A. Hagopian, L. P Galway, T. K Takaro, G. Burnham, A. L Kushner, C. Mock1 et al. “Road traffic injuries in Baghdad from 2003 to 2014: results of a randomised household cluster survey”, Inj Prev;22:321–327. doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041707, 2016 (accessed Jan 2017).
[22] NA Al Saad, E. Sondorp “Road traffic injuries in Iraq” Lancet; 381(9879):1720. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61079-X, 2013.
[23] R. Lozano, M, Naghavi, K Foreman, S. Lim, K. Shibuya, V. Aboyans, et al. “Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010” Lancet. 2012;380(9859):2095–128. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61728-0, 2012.
[24] The World Bank. “Iraq - Transport Corridors Project.” Washington DC: World Bank; 2013.
[25] Road Safety Data, (accessed May 2017).
Vol:15 No:03 2021Vol:15 No:02 2021Vol:15 No:01 2021
Vol:14 No:12 2020Vol:14 No:11 2020Vol:14 No:10 2020Vol:14 No:09 2020Vol:14 No:08 2020Vol:14 No:07 2020Vol:14 No:06 2020Vol:14 No:05 2020Vol:14 No:04 2020Vol:14 No:03 2020Vol:14 No:02 2020Vol:14 No:01 2020
Vol:13 No:12 2019Vol:13 No:11 2019Vol:13 No:10 2019Vol:13 No:09 2019Vol:13 No:08 2019Vol:13 No:07 2019Vol:13 No:06 2019Vol:13 No:05 2019Vol:13 No:04 2019Vol:13 No:03 2019Vol:13 No:02 2019Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007