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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 31108

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Solar Seawater Desalination Still with Seawater Preheater Using Efficient Heat Transfer Oil: Numerical Investigation and Data Verification
The feasibility of improving the performance of the proposed solar still unit which operated in very hot climate is investigated numerically and verified with experimental data. This solar desalination unit with proposed auxiliary device as seawater preheating system using petrol based textherm oil was used to produce pure fresh water from seawater. The effective evaporation area of basin is about 1 m2. The unit was tested in two main operation modes which are normal and with seawater preheating system. The results showed that, there is good agreement between the theoretical data and the experimental data; this means that the numerical model can be accurately dependable for predicting the proposed solar still performance and design parameters. The results also showed that the fresh water productivity of the solar still in the modified preheating case which is higher than normal case, leads to an increase in productivity of 42%.
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[1] Ghosh G. K, (2010), Improving Basin Solar Stills, Solar Energy: N0. 12, pp.233-245.
[2] Al-Marafie AM, Maheshwari GP, Suri RK (1989), Energy and power management in Kuwait” Energy 14(9) 577-62.
[3] Malik A S et al (1982), 'Solar Distillation' - Pergamon Press, Provides a comprehensive technical text. * Solar Distillation Practice for Water Desalination Systems.
[4] Tiwari G N., (2001), Solar Distillation Practice For Water Desalination Systems, Professor of Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India.
[5] Tiwari, Anil Kr. Tiwari, G. N, 2007, Thermal Modeling Based on Solar Fraction and Experimental Study of the Annual and Seasonal Performance of a Single Slope Passive Solar Still: The Effect of Water Depths”. Desalination, Volume 207. Pages 184-204.
[6] Fath, H. E. S. El-Samanoudy, M. Fahmy, K. Hassabou, A. (2003) Thermal-economic Analysis and Comparison Between Pyramid-shaped and Single slope Solar Still Configurations”. Desalination, Volume 159. Pages 69-79.
[7] Badran, O. O. (2007), Experimental Study of the Enhancement Parameters on a Single Slope Solar Still Productivity”. Desalination, Volume 209. Pages 136-143.
[8] Al-Hayek, Imad. Badran, Omar O, (2004), “The Effect of Using Different Designs of Solar Stills on Water Distillation”. Desalination, Volume 169. 2004. Pages 121-127.
[9] Gamal Tag Abdel –Jaber, Ahmed N. Shmroukh, Rashed D. Aldughpassi, Seawater Desalination Using Efficient Solar Stills. 3rd Arab Water Conference, 2-3 May 2018, Kwait.
[10] Amar S. Sawant, N. N. Shinde and M. M. Wagh. Design, Development And Experimental Analysis Of Single Slope And Double Slope Solar Still With Different Materials. International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research. vol 04 (2017), pp 151-159.
[11] Ahmed N. Shmroukh, Gamal Tag Abdel-Jaber and Rashed D. Aldughpassi. Numerical Investigation of Solar Seawater Desalination Still. 4th International Conference on Environmental Studies, Hurghada, Egypt, October 23-25, 2018.
[12] Gamal Tag Abdel-Jaber, Rashed D. Aldughpassi and Ahmed N. Shmroukh. Experimental Study of an Efficient Solar Still for Seawater Desalination. 4th International Conference on Environmental Studies, Hurghada, Egypt, October 23-25, 2018.
[13] Ahmed N. Shmroukh, I M S Taha, A M Abdel-Ghany and M Attalla. Vortex separator for more accurate air dry-bulb temperature measurement. ICIET 2016: 18th International Conference on Innovative Engineering Technologies, Barcelona, Spain, December 12-13, 2016.
[14] Ahmed N. Shmroukh, Ahmed Hamza H. Ali and Ali K. Abel-Rahman. Adsorption refrigeration working pairs: The state-of-the-art in the application. International Journal of Chemical Science and Engineering Vol: 7 No:11, pp 12-24.
[15] Ahmed N. Shmroukh, Ahmed Hamza H. Ali, Ali K. Abel-Rahman and S. Ookawara. Experimental Investigation on Adsorption Capacity of a Variety of Activated Carbon/Refrigerant Pairs. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications Vol: 5, No: 4, pp 66-76.
[16] A. N. Shmroukh, I. M. S. Taha, A. M. Abdel-Ghany and M. A. Mahmoud. Design and Evaluation of Cyclone, Cylindrical Enlargement, Gravity Settler and Truncated Square Pyramid devices for measuring air dry-bulb temperature in a foggy environment. Journal of Energy and Power Sources Vol: 1, No: 2, pp. 55- 64.
[17] Ahmed N. Shmroukh, Ahmed Hamza H. Ali, Ali K. Abel-Rahman and S. Ookawara. Investigation of Heat and Mass Transfer in Activated Carbon Granules/R-134a Adsorbent Pair for Compact Adsorption Chiller. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology Vol: 4 No: 4, pp 857-865.
[18] Ahmed N. Shmroukh, M. Attalla, Amany Abd El-Naser Abd El-Hakim. Experimental investigation of a novel sea water desalination system using ranque-hilsch vortex tube, Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 149 (2019), pp. 658- 664.
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