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Sustainable Traditional Architecture and Urban Planning in Hot-Arid Climate of Iran
The aim of sustainable architecture is to design buildings with the least adverse effects on the environment and provide better conditions for people. What building forms make the best use of land? This question was addressed in the late 1960s at the center of Land Use and Built Form Studies in Cambridge. This led to a number of influential papers which had a great influence on the practice of urban design. This paper concentrates on the results of sustainability caused by climatic conditions in Iranian traditional architecture in hot-arid regions. As people spent a significant amount of their time in houses, it was very important to have such houses to fulfill their needs physically and spiritually as well as satisfying their cultural and religious aspects of their lifestyles. In a vast country such as Iran with different climatic zones, traditional builders have presented series of logical solutions for human comfort. These solutions have been able to response to the environmental problems for a long period of time. As a result, by considering the experience in traditional architecture of hot–arid climate in Iran, it is possible to attain sustainable architecture.
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[1] F. Soflaee, and M. Shokouhian, "Natural cooling systems in sustainable traditional architecture of Iran", International Conference Passive and Low Energy Cooling for the Built Environment, Greece, 2005, pp.715- 719.
[2] L. Zare, M. Naghizadeh, and Sh. Hariri, "The relationship between nature and courtyard-Kashan City", City Identity, Hoviatshahr Journal, vol.12, Feb.2011, pp. 49-60.
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[7] H. Soltanzadeh, "The Role of geography in the formation of different kind of yards in Iranian traditional houses", Human Geographical Researches, Pazhouhesh e Joghrafiai e Ensani, vol. 75, May 2010, pp. 69-86.
[8] K. Hajighasemi, "Searching for meaning in Iranian Islamic architecture", Annual MESA Conference, Washington, 1999.
[9] A. Malek Hosseini, and A. Maleki, "The effects of climate on modern and traditional architecture of Arak City", Environmental evaluation, vol. 11, 2010, pp.133-155.
[10] C. Ratti, D. Raydan, and K. Steemers, "Building form and environmental performance: archetypes, analysis and an arid climate", Energy and Building, vol. 35, pp. 49-59, 2003.
[11] M. Vafamehr, and H. Sanaieeian, "Studies of the climatological technology of Soltanieh domed roof in Zanjan City by using the ECOTECH software", Beautiful Arts (Honarhaie Ziba), vol.39, 2012, pp. 61-68.
[12] G. Memarian, and A. Sadoughi, "Application of accesses graphs and home culture: Examining factors relative to climate and privacy in Iranian houses", Scientific Rsearch and Assay, vol. 6, no. 30, pp. 6350- 6363, 9 December 2011.
[13] H. Arjmandi, M. MohdTahir, H. Shabankareh, M. Shabani, and F. Mazaheri, "Psychological and spiritual effects of light and color from Iranian traditional houses on dwellers", Social Sciences and Humanities, vol.6, no. 2, 2011, pp. 288-301.
[14] N. Nassiri, "The influence of climatic design on Iranian symbolic form designing", 2008, The Oxford Conference: A re-evaluation of education in architecture, pp. 27-32.
[15] C. Rattti, D. Raydan, and K. Steemers, "Building form and environmental performance: archetypes, analysis and an arid climate", Elsevier, Energy and Building, vol. 35, pp. 49-59, 2003.
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