The Investigation on the Relationship between Religion and Development: By Focusing on Islam
Religion and Development relation is one of the most arguable phrases amongst politicians, philosophers, clerics, scientists, sociologists and even the public. The main objective of this research is to clarify the relations, contrasts and interactions between religion and the major types of development including social, political, economic and scientific developments, by focusing on Islam religion. A review of the literature was performed concerning religion and development relations and conflicts, by focusing on Islam religion and then the unprocessed tips of the review were characterized. Regarding clarification of the key points of the literature, three main sectors were considered in the research. The first sector of the research mainly focused on the philosophical views on religion, which were analyzed by main evaluation of three famous philosophers’ ideas: ‘Kant’, ‘Hegel’ and ‘Weber’, and then a critical discussion on Weber’s idea about Islam and development was applied. The second sector was specified to ‘Religion and Development’ and mainly discussed the role of religion in development through poverty reduction, the interconnection of religion, spirituality and social development, religious education effects on social development, and the relation of religion with political development. The third sector was specified to ‘Islam and Development’ and mainly discussed the Islamic golden age of science, major reasons of today’s backwardness (non-development) of most Islamic countries, and Quranic instructions regarding adaptability of Islam with development. The findings of the current research approved the research hypothesis as: ‘Religious instructions (included Islam) are not in conflict with development’, rather, it could have positive effects mainly on social development and it can pave the way for society to develop. Turkey was considered as a study model, as a successful developed Islamic country demonstrating the non-conflicting relation of Islam and development.
 Jack G. Religion and Development: Some comparative considerations. / Jack G //Journal: Sid online dialogue. – 2003. – Pp.1-4.
 Pratchayapong Y. Relating Science and Religion: An Ontology of Taxonomies and Development. / aPratchayapong Y. et al. //Journal: springer science+business media dordrecht. – 2013. – Pp.2680- 2687.
 Satish K. Development and Religion: Cultivating a sense of the sacred. / Satish K // Journal: Thematic Section. – 2003. – Pp.16-19.
 Sabina A. religion and development. /Sabina A. // Harvard University. – 2006. –Pp.1- 6.
 Ziad E. Islam: between dialoguing and mainstreaming/ Ziad E //Journal philosophy and social criticism. – 2012. – Pp.508-515.
 Kazem A. Religion and development revisited: comparing Islam and Christianity with reference to the case of Iran/ Kazem A// journal of developing societies, London. – 2004. –Vol 20. N°, 1-2. – Pp. 126-139.
 Karl L. From Hegel to Nietzsche/ Karl L, Garland. – 1964. – p. 49.
 Oran M. The Relationship between Religion and State in Hegel's Thought/ Oran M. // Cambridge University Press: 23 June 2015 – Volume 25. Pp.96-112.
 R. R. Andersen. Politics and Change in the Middle East/ R.R.Andersen. et al. New York. – 1990.
 Bryan S. Turner. Weber and Islam/Bryan S Turner// Henley and Boston, London. – 1974.
 Zinnbauer, Brian J. Religion and spirituality: Unfuzzying the fuzzy/Zinnbauer Brian J, et al.// Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. –1997. – Vol 36. N°, 4. –Pp 549-564.
 Leiby, J. The moral foundations of social welfare and social work/ Leiby J// Social Work. – 1985. – Vol 30. – Pp.323-330.
 Siporin M. Contribution of religious values to social work and the law/ Siporin M// Social Thought. – 1986.–Vol 12. –Pp.35-50.
 Billups J.O. Toward social development as an organizing concept for social work and related social professions and movements/ Billups J O// Social Development Issues. –1990. – Vol 12. N°,3. – Pp.14-26.
 Del Espino-Díaz L. Sociedad, Cultura y Religión: Hacia una Educación Inclusiva en un context Intercultural/ Del Espino-Díaz L//Córdoba: Diputación de Córdoba. – 2017.
 Santos Rego M. A. La educación intercultural y el pluralismo religioso: Propuestas pedagógicas para el diálogo/ Santos Rego M A// Educación XX1. – 2017. – Vol 20. – Pp. 17-35.
 Deneulin S. Revisiting Religion: Development Studies Thirty Years On/ Deneulin S// World Development. – 2011. – Vol 39. Pp 45-54.
 Iqbal Z. Mirakhor, A. Economic development and Islamic finance (English)/ Iqbal Z. Mirakhor, A// Directions in development: finance. Washington DC; World Bank – 2013. Vol 1.
 Mirakhor A. Askari H. Islam and the Path to Human and Economic Development/ Mirakhor A. Askari H// Palgrave Macmillan US – 2010. DOI: 10.1057/9780230110014.
 John P. Islam and economic development (Electronic resource)/ John P// –2003. Mode of access: https://www.faithfreedom.org/Articles/perkins30410.htm
 Shahid E. the Political Economy and the Perennial Underdevelopment of the Muslim World/Shahid E// Bangor University. – 2012. – Pp. 1-47.
 Ataul H. P. Islam and development revisited with evidences from Malaysia/ Ataul H. P// Islamic Economic Studies. – 2002. – Vol. 10, N°. 1. – Pp.39-64.
 Aburounia. H, Sexton. M. Islam and sustainable development/ Aburounia. H, Sexton// research Institute for the Built and Human Environment University of Salford. UK. – 2004. – Pp.757-762.
 Mohammad A. B. the Discourse on Islam and Development: Western and Muslim Scholars’ Opinions // Politeknik Negeri Banjarmasin. – 2016. Pp. 1- 4.
 Abdul H. A. Sustainable Development: Islamic Dimension with Special Reference to Conservation of the Environment (Electronic resource)/ Abdul H//– 2012. Mode of access: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289248658
 Deneulin S. Revisiting Religion: Development Studies Thirty Years On/ Deneulin S// World Development. – 2011. Vol 39. Pp 45-54.
 Sharma T.R. Karl Marx from Alienation to exploitation/ Sharma T.R// The Indian Journal of Political Science – 1979. -Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 339-366.