The Relevant Study of Leisure Motivation, Leisure Attitude and Health Promotion Lifestyle of Elderly People in Taiwan
 National Development Council. Retrieved February 25, 2014, from http://www.ndc.gov.tw.
 World Health Organization. Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health. Geneva, Switzerland, 2004.
 J. Ra, S. An, and K. J. Rhee, "The relationship between psychosocial effects and life satisfaction of the Korea elderly: Moderating and mediating effects of leisure activity,” Journal of Art and Humanities, vol. 2, no. 11, 2013, pp. 21-35.
 S. W. Ng, E. C. Norton, and B. M. Popkin, "Why have physical activity levels declined among Chinese adults? Findings from the 1991-2006 China Health and Nutrition Surveys,” Soc Sci Med, vol. 68, no. 7, 2009, pp.1305-1314.
 Health Promotion Administration Ministry of Health and Welfare. Retrieved February 25, 2014, from http://olap.hpa.gov.tw.
 S. E. Iso-Ahola, "Basic dimensions of definitions of leisure,” Journal of Leisure Research, vol. 15, 1979, pp. 28-39.
 J. Neulinger, The psychology of leisure: Research Approaches to the leisure. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 1974.
 L. J. Crandall, "Adler’s comcept of social interest: Theory, measurement, and implications for adjustment,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 39, 1980, pp. 481-495.
 M. S. Hagger, N. Chatzisarantis, and S. J. H. Biddle, "A meta-analytic review of the theories of reasoned actions and planned behavior in physical activity: Predictive and the contribution of additional variables,” Journal of Exercise Psychology, vol. 24, 2002, pp. 3-32.
 J. F. Wason, The impact of leisure attitude and motivation on the physical recreation/leisure participation of college students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Purdue University, 1996.
 M. T. Wu, "A study on causal relationship model of leisure attitude, leisure motivation, leisure satisfaction on leisure behavior of college students,” Journal of Educational Research, vol. 42, no. 2, 2008, pp. 83-100.
 L. K. Chiu, "University student’s attitude, self efficacy and motivation regarding leisure time physical participation,” Journal Pendidik dan Pendidikan, vol. 24, 2009, pp. 1-15.
 M. G. Ragheb, and J. G. Beard, "Measuring leisure attitude,” Journal of Leisure Research, vol. 14, no. 2, 1982, pp. 155-167.
 S. E. Iso-Ahola, & E. Weissinger, "Leisure and boredom,” Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, vol. 5, 1987, pp. 356-364.
 M. Searle, and S. Iso-Ahola, "Determinants of leisure behavior among retired adults,” Therapeutic Recreation Journal, vol. 22, no. 2, 1988, pp. 38-46.
 I. Ajzen, From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior. In J. Kuhl & J. Beckman (Eds.), Action-control: From cognition to behavior (pp. 11-39). New York: Springer-Verlag, 1985.
 S. E. Iso-Ahola, The social psychology of leisure and recreation. Dubuque, IA: WC. C. Brown, 1980.
 I. C. Hsueh, Relationship study of hot spring recreational attitude and health promotion lifestyle for the medical staff in Tainan. Unpublished master thesis, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Taiwan, 2010.
 M. Minkler, "Health education, health promotion and the open society: an historical perspective,” Health Educ Q, vol. 16, no. 1, 1989, pp. 17–30.
 World Health Organization. "The WHO cross-national study of health behavior in school-aged children from 35 countries: Findings from 2001-2002,” J Sch Health, vol. 74, 2004, pp.204-206.
 P. L. Engle, S. Castle, and P. Menon, "Child development: Vulnerability and resilience,” Soc Sci Med, vol. 43, 1996, pp. 621-635.
 N. Pender, Health promotion in nursing practice (3rd ed). Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange, 1996.
 L. A. Sanci, C. M. Coffey, F. C. Veit, M. Carr-Gregg, G. C. Patton, N. Day, and G. Bowes, "Evaluation of the effectiveness of an educational intervention for general practitioners in adolescent health care: randomized controlled trial,” BMJ, vol. 320, no. 7229, 2000, pp. 224-229.
 P. Wainwright, J. Thomas, and M. Jones, "Health promotion and the role of the school nurse: A systematic review,” J Adv Nurs, vol. 32, no. 5, 2000, pp. 1083-1091.
 C. Y. Tsai, M. T. Wu, and C. E. Huang, "Research on the relationship among lifestyle, leisure motivation and leisure interests of college students in Taiwan,” Innovation Management and Technology Research (ICIMTR), 2012, pp. 296-299.
 E. Weissinger, and D. L. Bandalos, "Development, reliability and validity of a scale to measure intrinsic motivation in leisure,” Journal of Leisure Research, vol. 27, no. 4, 1995, pp. 379-400.
 S. N. Walker, K. R. Sechrist, and N. J. Pender, "The health promotion lifestyle profile: Development and psychometric characteristics,” Nursing Research, vol. 36, no. 2, 1987, pp. 76-81.
 J. G. Nunnally, and I. H. Bernstein, Psychometric theory (3rd ed). New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994.