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Theoretical Literature Review on Lack of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Its Effects on Children
The purpose of this theoretical literature review is to study the relevant academic literature on lack of cardiorespiratory fitness and its effects on children. The total of thirty eight relevant documents were identified and considered for this review which nineteen of those were original research articles published in peer reviewed journals. The other nineteen articles were statistical documents. This literature review is structured to examine 5 effects in deficiency of cardiorespiratory fitness in school aged children (A) Relative Age Effect (RAE), (B) Obesity, (C) Inadequate fitness level (D) Unhealthy life style, and (E) Academics. The categories provide a theoretical framework for future studies where results are driven from the literature review. The study discusses that regular physical fitness assists children and adolescents to develop healthy physical activity behaviors which can be sustained throughout adult life. Conclusion suggests that advocacy for increasing physical activity and decreasing sedentary behaviors at school and home are necessary.
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[29] Center for disease control and prevention. The Association between School-Based Physical Activity, Including Physical Education, and Academic Performance. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2010
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[37] Haapala, Eero A. "Cardiorespiratory fitness and motor skills in relation to cognition and academic performance in children–a review." Journal of human kinetics 36, no. 1 (2013): 55-68. ]
[38] I. Esteban‐Cornejo, C. Mª. Tejero‐González, D. Martinez‐Gomez, V. Cabanas‐Sánchez, J. R. Fernández‐Santos, J. Conde‐Caveda, J. F. Sallis, and O. L. Veiga. "Objectively measured physical activity has a negative but weak association with academic performance in children and adolescents." Acta Paediatrica 103, no. 11 (2014): e501-e506.
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