Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Abstract Count: 63360

Awareness and Manifestations of Animus as a Way to Gender Equality
Currently, most of the work of UN Women and numerous feminist organizations in the world is devoted to fighting against gender inequality and physical and psychological domestic violence directed at women. The author suggests that this work will become more effective if the vigorous activity of organizations is accompanied by specially developed psychotherapeutic approach and work, which are based on the Jungian analysis, concepts of collective unconscious and Anima and Animus of C.G.Jung, the theory of cultural unconscious of J.L.Henderson and G.J.Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory. The collective unconscious is inherent to all human beings, the cultural unconscious is different depending on the type of culture. The author has long-term psychotherapeutic practice with patients from different countries of Central Asia and the Middle East over the past 20 years. According to the definition of Hofstede, these cultures are called 'collectivist'. A part of the patients went through the sufferings of physical violence and sexual abuse, the other part - through different kinds of psychological violence, such us devaluation, gaslighting, emotional blackmail, ignorance, isolation, and intimidation. In her psychotherapeutic work, she, as a Jungian analyst, asked herself the question: which unconscious sides of the psyche of women, especially in a collectivist culture, make them 'let' domestic violence to occur and be hidden for years, which most often has a tragic outcome? The author found and researched such phenomenon as 'cultural complex of repression of Animus,' which belongs to the cultural unconscious of collectivist culture. This complex has a huge impact on women and has repressed animus in women’s psyche. Before the discovery of Jung's theory, the psyche of a woman was considered exclusively as feminine, without the right to Animus as masculine side and manifestations, as a phenomenon that has 'less creative potential and social value than masculinity of men.' The Discovery of Animus as the masculine side of a woman’s psyche opened up new prospects for psychotherapy of women and women’s development in any area. A. Khananyan suggests that the purpose of this repression is the creation of a unipolar feminine image of a woman without the presence or with an extremely insignificant presence of Animus, which alienates women from her true self. This idealized image obligates women to fulfill the role prescribed in this way in the family and society. At the slightest manifestation of Animus - when a girl shows independent behavior, she is being punished and instilled with feelings of shame and guilt, and this is accompanied by edification words that girls should not do this. The awareness of Animus and its manifestation in the author’s psychotherapeutic process leads to the significant transformation of the psyche of women, the release from feelings of guilt, shame, and the state of the victim of any forms of violence. It also contributes to raising the level of self-awareness, identity, and self-realization, since not only legal laws and achieved rights ensure the safety of life and relationships, but also the psychic wholeness and mental state of women.