Terrain Classification for Ground Robots Based on Acoustic Features
The motivation of our work is to detect different
terrain types traversed by a robot based on acoustic data from the
robot-terrain interaction. Different acoustic features and classifiers
were investigated, such as Mel-frequency cepstral coefficient and
Gamma-tone frequency cepstral coefficient for the feature extraction,
and Gaussian mixture model and Feed forward neural network for the
classification. We analyze the system’s performance by comparing
our proposed techniques with some other features surveyed from
distinct related works. We achieve precision and recall values between
87% and 100% per class, and an average accuracy at 95.2%. We also
study the effect of varying audio chunk size in the application phase
of the models and find only a mild impact on performance.
Terrain classification, acoustic features, autonomous
robots, feature extraction.