Magnetohydrodynamics Boundary Layer Flows over a Stretching Surface with Radiation Effect and Embedded in Porous Medium
A steady two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics
flow and heat transfer over a stretching vertical sheet influenced by
radiation and porosity is studied. The governing boundary layer
equations of partial differential equations are reduced to a system of
ordinary differential equations using similarity transformation. The
system is solved numerically by using a finite difference scheme
known as the Keller-box method for some values of parameters,
namely the radiation parameter N, magnetic parameter M, buoyancy
parameter l , Prandtl number Pr and permeability parameter K. The
effects of the parameters on the heat transfer characteristics are
analyzed and discussed. It is found that both the skin friction
coefficient and the local Nusselt number decrease as the magnetic
parameter M and permeability parameter K increase. Heat transfer
rate at the surface decreases as the radiation parameter increases.
Keller-box, MHD boundary layer flow, permeability
Radiation Effect on Unsteady MHD Flow over a Stretching Surface
Unsteady magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) boundary
layer flow and heat transfer over a continuously stretching surface in
the presence of radiation is examined. By similarity transformation,
the governing partial differential equations are transformed to a set of
ordinary differential equations. Numerical solutions are obtained by
employing the Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg method scheme with shooting
technique in Maple software environment. The effects of
unsteadiness parameter, radiation parameter, magnetic parameter and
Prandtl number on the heat transfer characteristics are obtained and
discussed. It is found that the heat transfer rate at the surface
increases as the Prandtl number and unsteadiness parameter increase
but decreases with magnetic and radiation parameter.
Heat transfer, magnetohydrodynamics, radiation, unsteadiness.
Marangoni Instability in a Fluid Layer with Insoluble Surfactant
The Marangoni convective instability in a horizontal
fluid layer with the insoluble surfactant and nondeformable free
surface is investigated. The surface tension at the free surface is
linearly dependent on the temperature and concentration gradients.
At the bottom surface, the temperature conditions of uniform
temperature and uniform heat flux are considered. By linear stability
theory, the exact analytical solutions for the steady Marangoni
convection are derived and the marginal curves are plotted. The
effects of surfactant or elasticity number, Lewis number and Biot
number on the marginal Marangoni instability are assessed. The
surfactant concentration gradients and the heat transfer mechanism at
the free surface have stabilizing effects while the Lewis number
destabilizes fluid system. The fluid system with uniform temperature
condition at the bottom boundary is more stable than the fluid layer
that is subjected to uniform heat flux at the bottom boundary.
Analytical solutions, Marangoni Instability,
Nondeformable free surface, Surfactant.