Quadrature Formula for Sampled Functions
This paper deals with efficient quadrature formulas involving functions that are observed only at fixed sampling points. The approach that we develop is derived from efficient continuous quadrature formulas, such as Gauss-Legendre or Clenshaw-Curtis quadrature. We select nodes at sampling positions that are as close as possible to those of the associated classical quadrature and we update quadrature weights accordingly. We supply the theoretical quadrature error formula for this new approach. We show on examples the potential gain of this approach.
Gauss-Legendre, Clenshaw-Curtis, quadrature, Peano kernel, irregular sampling.
Local Curvelet Based Classification Using Linear Discriminant Analysis for Face Recognition
In this paper, an efficient local appearance feature
extraction method based the multi-resolution Curvelet transform is
proposed in order to further enhance the performance of the well
known Linear Discriminant Analysis(LDA) method when applied
to face recognition. Each face is described by a subset of band
filtered images containing block-based Curvelet coefficients. These
coefficients characterize the face texture and a set of simple statistical
measures allows us to form compact and meaningful feature vectors.
The proposed method is compared with some related feature extraction
methods such as Principal component analysis (PCA), as well
as Linear Discriminant Analysis LDA, and independent component
Analysis (ICA). Two different muti-resolution transforms, Wavelet
(DWT) and Contourlet, were also compared against the Block Based
Curvelet-LDA algorithm. Experimental results on ORL, YALE and
FERET face databases convince us that the proposed method provides
a better representation of the class information and obtains much
higher recognition accuracies.
Curvelet, Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) , Contourlet,Discreet Wavelet Transform, DWT, Block-based analysis,face recognition (FR).
A Double Referenced Contrast for Blind Source Separation
This paper addresses the problem of blind source separation
(BSS). To recover original signals, from linear instantaneous
mixtures, we propose a new contrast function based on the use of a
double referenced system. Our approach assumes statistical independence
sources. The reference vectors will be incrusted in the cumulant
to evaluate the independence. The estimation of the separating matrix
will be performed in two steps: whitening observations and joint
diagonalization of a set of referenced cumulant matrices. Computer
simulations are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the
Blind source separation, Referenced Cumulant, Contrast, Joint Diagonalization.
Hybrid Color-Texture Space for Image Classification
This work presents an approach for the construction of a hybrid color-texture space by using mutual information. Feature extraction is done by the Laws filter with SVM (Support Vectors Machine) as a classifier. The classification is applied on the VisTex database and a SPOT HRV (XS) image representing two forest areas in the region of Rabat in Morocco. The result of classification obtained in the hybrid space is compared with the one obtained in the RGB color space.
Color, texture, laws filter, mutual information, SVM, hybrid space.
Optimal and Generalized Multiple Descriptions Image Coding Transform in the Wavelet Domain
In this paper we propose a Multiple Description Image Coding(MDIC) scheme to generate two compressed and balanced rates descriptions in the wavelet domain (Daubechies biorthogonal (9, 7) wavelet) using pairwise correlating transform optimal and application method for Generalized Multiple Description Coding (GMDC) to image coding in the wavelet domain. The GMDC produces statistically correlated streams such that lost streams can be estimated from the received data. Our performance test shown that the proposed method gives more improvement and good quality of the reconstructed image when the wavelet coefficients are normalized by Gaussian Scale Mixture (GSM) model then the Gaussian one ,.
Multiple description coding (MDC), gaussian scale mixture (GSM) model, joint source-channel coding, pairwise correlating transform, GMDCT.
A Balanced Cost Cluster-Heads Selection Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks
This paper focuses on reducing the power consumption
of wireless sensor networks. Therefore, a communication protocol
named LEACH (Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy) is modified.
We extend LEACHs stochastic cluster-head selection algorithm
by a modifying the probability of each node to become cluster-head
based on its required energy to transmit to the sink. We present
an efficient energy aware routing algorithm for the wireless sensor
networks. Our contribution consists in rotation selection of clusterheads
considering the remoteness of the nodes to the sink, and then,
the network nodes residual energy. This choice allows a best distribution
of the transmission energy in the network. The cluster-heads
selection algorithm is completely decentralized. Simulation results
show that the energy is significantly reduced compared with the
previous clustering based routing algorithm for the sensor networks.
Wireless Sensor Networks, Energy efficiency, WirelessCommunications, Clustering-based algorithm.
Local Steerable Pyramid Binary Pattern Sequence LSPBPS for Face Recognition Method
In this paper the problem of face recognition under variable illumination conditions is considered. Most of the works in the literature exhibit good performance under strictly controlled acquisition conditions, but the performance drastically drop when changes in pose and illumination occur, so that recently number of approaches have been proposed to deal with such variability. The aim of this work is to introduce an efficient local appearance feature extraction method based steerable pyramid (SP) for face recognition. Local information is extracted from SP sub-bands using LBP(Local binary Pattern). The underlying statistics allow us to reduce the required amount of data to be stored. The experiments carried out on different face databases confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
Face recognition (FR), Steerable pyramid (SP), localBinary Pattern (LBP).
Input Textural Feature Selection By Mutual Information For Multispectral Image Classification
Texture information plays increasingly an important
role in remotely sensed imagery classification and many pattern
recognition applications. However, the selection of relevant textural
features to improve this classification accuracy is not a straightforward
task. This work investigates the effectiveness of two Mutual
Information Feature Selector (MIFS) algorithms to select salient
textural features that contain highly discriminatory information for
multispectral imagery classification. The input candidate features are
extracted from a SPOT High Resolution Visible(HRV) image using
Wavelet Transform (WT) at levels (l = 1,2).
The experimental results show that the selected textural features
according to MIFS algorithms make the largest contribution to
improve the classification accuracy than classical approaches such
as Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Linear Discriminant
Feature Selection, Texture, Mutual Information,Wavelet Transform, SVM classification, SPOT Imagery.
From Maskee to Audible Noise in Perceptual Speech Enhancement
A new analysis of perceptual speech enhancement is
presented. It focuses on the fact that if only noise above the masking
threshold is filtered, then noise below the masking threshold, but
above the absolute threshold of hearing, can become audible after the
masker filtering. This particular drawback of some perceptual filters,
hereafter called the maskee-to-audible-noise (MAN) phenomenon,
favours the emergence of isolated tonals that increase musical noise.
Two filtering techniques that avoid or correct the MAN phenomenon
are proposed to effectively suppress background noise without introducing
much distortion. Experimental results, including objective
and subjective measurements, show that these techniques improve
the enhanced speech quality and the gain they bring emphasizes the
importance of the MAN phenomenon.
Perceptual speech filtering, maskee to audible noise,distorsion, musical noise.
Comparison of Performance between Different SVM Kernels for the Identification of Adult Video
In this paper we propose a method for recognition of
adult video based on support vector machine (SVM). Different kernel
features are proposed to classify adult videos. SVM has an advantage
that it is insensitive to the relative number of training example in
positive (adult video) and negative (non adult video) classes. This
advantage is illustrated by comparing performance between different
SVM kernels for the identification of adult video.
Skin detection, Support vector machine,
Pornographic videos, Feature extraction, Video filtering,
Robust Semi-Blind Digital Image Watermarking Technique in DT-CWT Domain
In this paper a new robust digital image watermarking
algorithm based on the Complex Wavelet Transform is proposed. This
technique embeds different parts of a watermark into different blocks
of an image under the complex wavelet domain. To increase security
of the method, two chaotic maps are employed, one map is used to
determine the blocks of the host image for watermark embedding,
and another map is used to encrypt the watermark image. Simulation
results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed
Image watermarking, Chaotic map, DT-CWT.