Hybrid Hierarchical Routing Protocol for WSN Lifetime Maximization
Conceiving and developing routing protocols for
wireless sensor networks requires considerations on constraints such
as network lifetime and energy consumption. In this paper, we propose
a hybrid hierarchical routing protocol named HHRP combining both
clustering mechanism and multipath optimization taking into account
residual energy and RSSI measures. HHRP consists of classifying
dynamically nodes into clusters where coordinators nodes with extra
privileges are able to manipulate messages, aggregate data and ensure
transmission between nodes according to TDMA and CDMA
schedules. The reconfiguration of the network is carried out
dynamically based on a threshold value which is associated with the
number of nodes belonging to the smallest cluster. To show the
effectiveness of the proposed approach HHRP, a comparative study
with LEACH protocol is illustrated in simulations.
Routing protocols, energy optimization, clustering.