Green Building Materials: Hemp Oil Based Biocomposites
Novel acrylated epoxidized hemp oil (AEHO) based
bioresins were successfully synthesised, characterized and applied to
biocomposites reinforced with woven jute fibre. Characterisation of
the synthesised AEHO consisted of acid number titrations and FTIR
spectroscopy to assess the success of the acrylation reaction. Three
different matrices were produced (vinylester (VE), 50/50 blend of
AEHO/VE and 100% AEHO) and reinforced with jute fibre to form
three different types of biocomposite samples. Mechanical properties
in the form of flexural and interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) were
investigated and compared for the different samples. Results from the
mechanical tests showed that AEHO and 50/50 based neat bioresins
displayed lower flexural properties compared with the VE samples.
However when applied to biocomposites and compared with VE
based samples, AEHO biocomposites demonstrated comparable
flexural performance and improved ILSS. These results are attributed
to improved fibre-matrix interfacial adhesion due to surface-chemical
compatibility between the natural fibres and bioresin.
Biocomposite, hemp oil based bioresin, green
building materials, mechanical properties.
A Simulation Software for DNA Computing Algorithms Implementation
The capturing of gel electrophoresis image represents
the output of a DNA computing algorithm. Before this image is being
captured, DNA computing involves parallel overlap assembly (POA)
and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that is the main of this
computing algorithm. However, the design of the DNA
oligonucleotides to represent a problem is quite complicated and is
prone to errors. In order to reduce these errors during the design stage
before the actual in-vitro experiment is carried out; a simulation
software capable of simulating the POA and PCR processes is
developed. This simulation software capability is unlimited where
problem of any size and complexity can be simulated, thus saving
cost due to possible errors during the design process. Information
regarding the DNA sequence during the computing process as well as
the computing output can be extracted at the same time using the
DNA computing, PCR, POA, simulation software
Solution of First kind Fredholm Integral Equation by Sinc Function
Sinc-collocation scheme is one of the new techniques
used in solving numerical problems involving integral equations. This
method has been shown to be a powerful numerical tool for finding
fast and accurate solutions. So, in this paper, some properties of the
Sinc-collocation method required for our subsequent development
are given and are utilized to reduce integral equation of the first
kind to some algebraic equations. Then convergence with exponential
rate is proved by a theorem to guarantee applicability of numerical
technique. Finally, numerical examples are included to demonstrate
the validity and applicability of the technique.
Integral equation, Fredholm type, Collocation method, Sinc approximation.
Numerical Solution for Integro-Differential Equations by Using Quartic B-Spline Wavelet and Operational Matrices
In this paper, Semi-orthogonal B-spline scaling
functions and wavelets and their dual functions are presented
to approximate the solutions of integro-differential equations.The
B-spline scaling functions and wavelets, their properties and the
operational matrices of derivative for this function are presented to
reduce the solution of integro-differential equations to the solution of
algebraic equations. Here we compute B-spline scaling functions of
degree 4 and their dual, then we will show that by using them we have
better approximation results for the solution of integro-differential
equations in comparison with less degrees of scaling functions
Integro-differential equations, Quartic B-spline
wavelet, Operational matrices.
Optimal Control of Volterra Integro-Differential Systems Based On Legendre Wavelets and Collocation Method
In this paper, the numerical solution of optimal control problem (OCP) for systems governed by Volterra integro-differential
(VID) equation is considered. The method is developed by means
of the Legendre wavelet approximation and collocation method. The
properties of Legendre wavelet together with Gaussian integration
method are utilized to reduce the problem to the solution of nonlinear
programming one. Some numerical examples are given to confirm the
accuracy and ease of implementation of the method.
Collocation method, Legendre wavelet, optimal control, Volterra integro-differential equation.
Transnational Higher Education: Developing a Transnational Student Success 'Signature' for Pre-Clinical Medical Students – An Action Research Project
This paper describes an Action Research project
which was undertaken to inform professional practice in order to
develop a newly created Centre for Student Success in the specific
context of transnational medical and nursing education in the Middle
East. The objectives were to enhance the academic performance,
persistence, integration and personal and professional development of
a multinational study body, in particular in relation to pre-clinical
medical students, and to establish a comfortable, friendly and
student-driven environment within an Irish medical university
recently established in Bahrain. The outcomes of the project resulted
in the development of a specific student success ‘signature’ for this
particular transnational higher education context.
Global-Local, pre-clinical medical students, student
success, transnational higher education, Middle East.
Meaningful General Education Reform: Integrating Core Curricula and Institutional Values
A central element of higher education today is the
“core” or “general education” curriculum: that configuration of
courses that often encompasses the essence of liberal arts education.
Ensuring that such offerings reflect the mission and values of the
institution is a challenge faced by most college and universities, often
more than once. This paper presents an action model of program
planning designed to structure the processes of developing,
implementing and revising core curricula in a manner consistent with
key institutional goals and objectives. Through presentation of a case
study from a university in the United States, the elements of needs
assessment, stakeholder investment and collaborative compromise
are shown as key components of a planning strategy that can produce
a general education program that is comprehensive, academically
rigorous, assessable, and mission consistent. The paper concludes
with recommendations for both the implementation and evaluation of
such programs in practice.
Academic assessment, academic program planning,
curriculum development, general education reform.
Hemocompatible Thin-Film Materials Recreating the Structure of the Cell Niches with High Potential for Endothelialization
The future and the development of science is therefore
seen in interdisciplinary areas such as biomedical engineering. Selfassembled
structures, similar to stem cell niches would inhibit fast
division process and subsequently capture the stem cells from the
blood flow. By means of surface topography and the stiffness as well
as microstructure progenitor cells should be differentiated towards
the formation of endothelial cells monolayer which effectively will
inhibit activation of the coagulation cascade. The idea of the material
surface development met the interest of the clinical institutions,
which support the development of science in this area and are waiting
for scientific solutions that could contribute to the development of
heart assist systems. This would improve the efficiency of the
treatment of patients with myocardial failure, supported with artificial
heart assist systems. Innovative materials would enable the redesign,
in the post project activity, construction of ventricular heart assist.
Bio-inspired materials, electron microscopy,
haemocompatibility, niche-like structures, thin coatings.
GSA-Based Design of Dual Proportional Integral Load Frequency Controllers for Nonlinear Hydrothermal Power System
This paper considers the design of Dual Proportional-
Integral (DPI) Load Frequency Control (LFC), using gravitational
search algorithm (GSA). The design is carried out for nonlinear
hydrothermal power system where generation rate constraint (GRC)
and governor dead band are considered. Furthermore, time delays
imposed by governor-turbine, thermodynamic process, and
communication channels are investigated. GSA is utilized to search
for optimal controller parameters by minimizing a time-domain based
objective function. GSA-based DPI has been compared to Ziegler-
Nichols based PI, and Genetic Algorithm (GA) based PI controllers
in order to demonstrate the superior efficiency of the proposed
design. Simulation results are carried for a wide range of operating
conditions and system parameters variations.
Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA), Load
Frequency Control (LFC), Dual Proportional-Integral (DPI)
Degree of Hydrolysis of Proteinaceous Components of Porang Flour Using Papain
Glucomannan can be found in the tuber of porang together with starch and proteinaceous components which were regarded as impurities. An enzymatic process for obtaining higher glucomannan content from Porang flour have been conducted. Papain was used for hydrolysing proteinaceous components in Porang flour which was conducted after a simultaneous extraction of glucomannan and enzymatic starch hydrolysis. Three variables affecting the rate were studied, i.e. temperature, the amount of enzyme and the stirring speed. The ninhydrin method was used to determine degree of protein hydrolysis. Results showed that the rising of degree of hydrolysis were fast in the first ten minutes of the reaction and then proceeded slowly afterward. The optimum temperature for hydrolysis was 60 oC. Increasing the amount of enzyme showed a remarkable effect to degree of hydrolysis, but the stirring speed had no significant effect. This indicated that the reaction controlled the rate of hydrolysis.
Degree of hydrolysis, ninhydrin, papain, porang flour, proteinaceous components.
Nano-Texturing of Single Crystalline Silicon via Cu-Catalyzed Chemical Etching
We have discovered an important technical solution that could make new approaches in the processing of wet silicon etching, especially in the production of photovoltaic cells. During its inferior light-trapping and structural properties, the inverted pyramid structure outperforms the conventional pyramid textures and black silicone. The traditional pyramid textures and black silicon can only be accomplished with more advanced lithography, laser processing, etc. Importantly, our data demonstrate the feasibility of an inverted pyramidal structure of silicon via one-step Cu-catalyzed chemical etching (CCCE) in Cu (NO3)2/HF/H2O2/H2O solutions. The effects of etching time and reaction temperature on surface geometry and light trapping were systematically investigated. The conclusion shows that the inverted pyramid structure has ultra-low reflectivity of ~4.2% in the wavelength of 300~1000 nm; introduce of Cu particles can significantly accelerate the dissolution of the silicon wafer. The etching and the inverted pyramid structure formation mechanism are discussed. Inverted pyramid structure with outstanding anti-reflectivity includes useful applications throughout the manufacture of semi-conductive industry-compatible solar cells, and can have significant impacts on industry colleagues and populations.
Cu-catalyzed chemical etching, inverted pyramid nanostructured, reflection, solar cells.